• Short Summary

    MEMBERS OF MORAL RE-ARMAMENT FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD CAME TO FREUDENSTADT IN THE BLACK FOREST, WEST GERMANY, AUG 11, TO PAY THEIR LAST RESPECTS TO DR.

  • Description

    MEMBERS OF MORAL RE-ARMAMENT FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD CAME TO FREUDENSTADT IN THE BLACK FOREST, WEST GERMANY, AUG 11, TO PAY THEIR LAST RESPECTS TO DR. FRANK BUCHMAN, THE FOUNDER OF THE MOVEMENT, WHOSE BODY WAS LYING IN STATE AT THE MUNICIPAL CHURCH.

    DR BUCHMAN, 83, DIED ON AUG 7 WHILE STAYING AT THE HOTEL WALDLUST WHERE HE IS SAID TO HAVE FIRST FORMED THE IDEA OF STARTING THE MOVEMENT WHICH BECAME WORLD FAMOUS IN 1938.

    THE YOUNG BUCHMAN - SON OF SWISS EMIGRANTS, BORN AND EDUCATED IN PENNSYLVANIA - WAS ORDAINED A MINISTER IN THE LUTHERAN CHURCH IN 1902. AFTER WORK AMONG THE POOR IN PHILADELPHIA HE WENT ABROAD AND, IN 1908, VISITED THE LAKE DISTRICT WHERE A RELIGIOUS VISION IMBUED HIM WITH A SENSE OF EVANGELICAL MISSION.

    AFTER ANOTHER SPELL IN THE UNITED STATES AND YEARS OF TRAVEL IN THE EAST, BUCHMAN SETTLED DOWN IN OXFORD IN 1920, AT THE AGE OF 42. IN THE FOLLOWING YEARS HE FOUNDED A MOVEMENT KNOWN AS THE FIRST CENTURY CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP WHOSE MEMBERS RESOLVED TO LIVE BY THE "FOUR ABSOLUTES" - HONESTY, PURITY, LOVE AND UNSELFISHNESS. THE FELLOWSHIP ALSO PRACTISED GROUP CONFESSION.

    IN 1928 THE MOVEMENT BECAME KNOWN AS THE "OXFORD GROUP", AND BY 1939 IT WAS ESTABLISHED INTERNATIONALLY AS MORAL RE-ARMAMENT. BUCHMAN WENT TO THE UNITED STATES, WHERE HE STAYED FOR THE DURATION OF THE WAR. HE RETURNED TO EUROPE IN 1946, WHEN THE FIRST POST-WAR MRA WORLD ASSEMBLY WAS HELD AT CAUX IN SWITZERLAND.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA457OXMRXNAR7JOHTRXNOTW1SC
    Media URN:
    VLVA457OXMRXNAR7JOHTRXNOTW1SC
    Group:
    Reuters - Incuding Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    12/08/1961
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:01:12:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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