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  • Short Summary

    Trouble in Turkey following withdrawal of Allied Forces, including shots of Kemal Ataturk.

  • Description

    Turko-Greek troubles.

    Title reads: "Constantinople [now Istanbul], Turkey. Turkish Army makes triumphal entry into Constantinople - the return of troops follows the evacuation of the city by Allied forces of occupation".

    Pan over crowd of Turkish civilians looking at ship slowly moving past. Huge crowd - some people holding up flags or banners. High angled panning shot over area. Crowds line pier & cheer as Turkish cavalry rides past, ships docked all along pier. Various shots of soldiers riding down street, civilians reach up to shake hands with them.

    Various shots French troops and their equipment on pier waiting to leave on ships. We see the soldiers boarding ship. Allied soldiers waving from troop ship. Allied officers along pier; then they too go up steps to board ship. Shots of Turkish men, nearly all in fez hats, watching the ships leave.

    Various shots of the new mosque, pan up to top of the 2 minarets.

    Various shots Turkish VIPs exiting building, group of civilian leaders stand on steps as unidentified Turkish Army officer gets into carriage Close shot of procession - carriage accompanied by soldiers on foot & on horseback (probably not President Mustapha Kemal (aka Kemal Ataturk) but obviously is some kind of military hero.)

    Irish Guards stationed in Constantinople receive shamrocks for St. Patrick's Day. Soldiers lined up in yard. MS officers step up to table and each take a basket of shamrocks. Officers distributing the shamrocks to the men who use them to decorate their hats. General reviews troops. Guards give three cheers. Shot looking through arched window over buildings to the sea, military ships going by in the straits.

    Intertitle (flash frame): "British soldiers in Constantinople are ready to prevent the violation of the neutral zone".

    Soldiers marching along next to train. British French & Italian officers on balcony, reviewing troops. Soldiers march down street, Turkish civilians watch or walk past.

    Crowd in front of mosque applaud & cheer a motorcade of Turkish leaders.

    Intertitle (out of rack): "Hamid Bey, representative of Mustapha Kemal in Constantinople gives the first tidings of the victory to the populace".

    CU Hamid Bey, representative of Mustapha Kemal Pasha (aka Mustafa Kemal), addressing crowd - he is announcing victory over Greek army which had been occupying Turkey. Civilians cheering. Parade of Turkish men carrying flags and boys in military-style uniforms.

    Intertitle (out of rack): The picture of Mustapha Kemal, idol of the Turkish Nationalist which was borne through the streets in frenzied tribute".

    CU soldier standing next to portrait of a younger Kemal.

    Intertitle reads: "Anatolia, Asia Minor. Idol of Turk Nationalists makes tour of Asiatic Turkey .... Mustapha Kemal Pasha inspects the activities of the civil and military administration".

    Kemal inspecting troops. Kemal posing with troops (he has hand inside coat like Napoleon). Panning shot soldiers wearing ammunition belts over shoulders and dark scarves wrapped round their heads.

    Allied Soldiers beside train. British encampment in wide open fields.

    Intertitle reads: "In the desert ... Britannia on guard!"

    Soldier on foot talking to other soldiers on horseback. Sentry standing by old small stone pillars.

    Intertitle reads: "General Sir Charles Harrington, Commander of the Allied Forces in the Near East".

    CU General Harrington. Tracking shot from ship on strait, looking out porthole at other ships at buildings of old city on shore. British soldiers building wall of stones with barbed wire running along top. CU two soldiers using mirror to send Morse code signals.

    Turkish march men carrying flags and banners down the street - celebration parade? Huge fire at Smyrna, seen from across water. Fire starting - smoke rising from small area.

    Intertitle (flash frame): "The first flame bursts in the Armenian quarter...".

    Smoke clouds get bigger as fire rages.

    Intertitle reads (flash frame): "Within four hours, the entire district is ablaze and beyond human control".

    People running about on beach.

    Intertitle reads (flash frame): "Frail lifeboats carry the refugees to French and Italian ships".

    Various shots of boats. Shot looking down from ship as people come aboard.

    Intertitle reads (flash frame): "A steady stream of lifeboats ..."

    Refugees on board ship, including many children. Night shots of fire continuing.

    Intertitle reads (flash frame): "2000 lives and 15,000 homes destroyed ..."

    General shots of buildings burning, seen across the water.

    Intertitle reads: "Villages in the wake of the contending armies pay the inevitable price of war and vengeance".

    Shot from ship of fires in hills.

    Intertitle reads: "Thousands of refugees flock to the Mudania docks, fighting for passage on ships going to Thrace".

    Women & children hurrying down road. LS masses of refugees at a port. Panning shot smouldering remains of Smyrna. People walking about near water, charred ruins of buildings. Closer shots people standing in rubble. Red Cross workers handing out food as fast as they can to hungry refugees. Sea of hands grabbing frantically as starving people fight for food. Displaced persons wait for ships to rescue them.

    Various shots Mustapha Kemal Ataturk & party arriving on train and inspecting troops.

    Cataloguers' note: Kemal, after serving as a general in WWI, inspired the Turkish nationalist resistance, organised them against the Greek occupation & defeated the Greeks in 1922. After the deposition of the Sultan, he was elected president of the new Turkish Republic in 1923.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    Media URN:
    Old negatives
    British Pathé
    Issue Date:
    1920 - 1929
    hd format:
    HD at Filmfinity
    Black & White
    Time in/Out:
    01:27:50:00 / 01:44:33:00
    ON 375 D

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