The British Foreign Secretary speaks to UN members on disarmament. Paris, France.
Unused / unissued material - dates and locations unclear or unknown.
Eden addresses UN in Paris.
M/S Eden walks to platform and commences:-
MS Anthony Eden walks to platform and commences:- (natural sound). It's only too sure Mr. President that we are today confronted. with difficulties enough and to spare the loom and vex us in every conscience yet if the nations have the will to solve them here in this organisation this is the machinery by which it can be done. If they have not the will to solve it there is no machinery which by itself alone can work that miracle. Here we have an instrument to hand and we must use it, as the charter says and the centre for harmonising the actions of nations and by that I mean the actions of all nations for in my judgement it would indeed be a tragedy if this organisation lost for any reason its university its appeal and its wildly representative character the man of all creeds and convictions... and abuse for example sir, on Wednesday last three of the powers represented here in this assembly the United States France and ourselves, we put before you several proposals for disarmament within a few hours they were denounced by the Soviet Union in a speech which certainly did not err for the side moderation. Mr. Vyshinsky's contract of abuse didn't anger me but it saddened me and I think it must have saddened and discouraged millions throughout the World who read or heard of it. In my view, the people of our countries do not expect their leaders to shout abuse at one another but rather to make contracts and to try to reach understanding for peace the most fantastic of all the charges levelled against us last Thursday was that we are LS Warmongers. let me... we've suffered too much as individuals. and as a nation, we had six years of war. For more than a year of that war, the countries of the Commonwealth and Empire stood along, alone in the fight against Hitler's aggression, While those who are now calling us warmongers had a pact with Hitler. LS..... now before I deal with positive tasks for this Assembly, there are now general points which I desire to make. We are told that membership of the North Atlantic Treaty is incompatible with membership of the U.N. This assertion is based on the charge that the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation is an aggressive bloc, which it certainly is not, and never has been. Article 51 of the Charter expressly recognise the right of collective self-defence and the North Atlantic Treaty is firmly based on that article. Its sole purpose, is defence, and why then you may ask, why then was the North Atlantic Treaty necessary. I was not a member of the Government that signed it, but I and my colleagues thoroughly and wholly support and the answer to that question is, that the disparity between the forces of East and West can. CU. become a grave danger to peace... well, then, how then, fellow delegates can we apply the principles I have just set before you to the work of this Assembly which is meeting now. First Mr President let me make this clear, we in turn, France United States and ourselves, we intend to persevere with out disarmament proposal. We do not insist upon them as the Soviet delegate maintained, but we invite this Assembly to examine them with sincerity and goodwill. We ask our critics to study them, we suspect that they have been so busy laughing at them that they haven't really had time to read them.... MS but artificially separate conventional and atomic armament and I understand that argument, Well now we've linked them together is that an advance, or is it not, if our disarmament proposals contain nothing else, I submit in all seriousness to my fellow delegates that for these reasons alone, parts of the arrangements that deal with the Atomic weapon for these reasons alone they are worthy of the Study of this assembly. But now the criticism is made, do we in these proposals link the reduction of armaments with the settlement of outstanding political issue. but of course we do, that's perfectly true, but that doesn't suggest that we're looking for reasons for delay or nor still less does it prove the insincerity of our efforts, but isn't it obvious to anyone who seriously thinks about these matters particularly to those who shared through those long disarmament discussions at Geneva so many years ago, isn't it clear to all of us that genuine disarmament can only be achieved step by step. with a reduction of tension and a settlement of urgent political dispute, why if we come before you fellow delegates with grandiose proposals for immediate disarmament, isolated from any attack on these rear fundamental causes of tension, for that you might have accused us, and accused us, and accused us justly of insincerity. We have not done this we have been I' submit realistic and practical..... accept the Federal German Chancellor's request, what are we asked to do, but asked to agree to a commission to determine whether conditions in the Federal Republic of Germany in Berlin and in the Soviet Zone of Germany make it possible to hold generally free elections by secret ballot throughout these areas ..... wouldn't we thus bring nearer the day when a free Germany can play a part in peaceful association with a free Europe, then there is the issue of Austria, which has waited for so long. Can we not sign that Treaty.... to live and let live and why sir cannot Italy be brought into full membership of our organisation, why not this nation with its freely elected Government, and its ancient and glorious traditions, should be represented here. Why does the veto have to be used to prevent, why LS. does it frighten anybody..... the commonwealth call it what you will, here is a spirit which is stronger than race of creed and which can move man and multitude to a common purpose, today we are trying to find a new relationship not only within the commonwealth and empire, but with all nations and people with whom we come in contact. We want. it to be based on consent and goodwill and I believe that we have the experience and the understanding to give form and reality to this faith, and surely that is a task for us all, fellow delegates. In this scientific age what can anyone hope to achieve by violence except the destruction of life itself, By toleration, patience, restraints we can build a world worthy of those in all our lands who we remembered yesterday in loyalty to them, and to those who follow after, we must not and we will not fail". LS. Eden walking back to seat amid terrific applause. (Dupe Neg.)