• Short Summary

    LAST YEAR, MORE THAN TEN THOUSAND WILD FIRES OCCURRED IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA, AND WERE PUT OUT BY THAT STATE'S MAJOR FIRE PROTECTION AGENCIES;
    WILLIAM INNES IS A METEOROLOGIST ON THE STAFF OF THE STATE FORESTER IN SACRAMENTO.

  • Description

    LAST YEAR, MORE THAN TEN THOUSAND WILD FIRES OCCURRED IN THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA, AND WERE PUT OUT BY THAT STATE'S MAJOR FIRE PROTECTION AGENCIES;
    WILLIAM INNES IS A METEOROLOGIST ON THE STAFF OF THE STATE FORESTER IN SACRAMENTO.

    THIS UNIT, AT THE CALIFORNIA DIVISION OF FORESTRY'S SUNOL FOREST FIRE STATION SUPPRESSED SOME 250 FIRES LAST YEAR. KNOWING WHERE FIRES ARE PROBABLE AND HOW THEY MIGHT ACT IS ALMOST AS IMPORTANT AS THE MEN AND EQUIPMENT ACTUALLY FIGHTING THEM.

    JUST BEHIND THE SUNOL STATION IS A REMOTE EXPERIMENTAL DEVICE THAT SENSES WHEN CONDITIONS ARE RIGHT FOR A FIRE TO OCCUR. THE INFORMATION IS THEN BEAMED TO THE ORBITING EARTH RESOURCES TECHNOLOGY SATELLITE.

    DR. HENRY LUM, RESEARCH SCIENTIST AT NASA'S AMES RESEARCH CENTRE NEAR SAN FRANCISCO, EXPLAINS.

    EVERYDAY THE EARTH RESOURCES SATELLITE RELAYS FOREST FIRE INFORMATION TO A TRACKING STATION IN THE MOJAVE DESERT AND THEN ELECTRONICALLY PASSES THE SIGNALS ON TO THE GODDARD SPACEFLIGHT CENTRE IN GREENBELT, MARYLAND. COMPUTERS SORT OUT THE CODED DATA THERE...

    AND RETURN IT TO AMES VIA TELETYPE THE INFORMATION IS PROCESSED AT AMES IN A MANNER WHICH THE CALIFORNIA DIVISION OF FORESTRY CAN USE.

    FIRE INDEX ME ASUREMENTS THAT ARE PREPARED FROM THE DATA INCLUDE WIND VELOCITY AND DIRECTION, AIR TEMPERATURE, RELATIVE HUMIDITY, AND FUEL MOISTURE WHICH TELLS HOW MUCH MOISTURE THERE IS IN THE DEAD VEGETATION ON THE FOREST FLOOR.

    FINALLY, THE PROCESSED DATA IS SENT ON A FACSIMILE LINE TO THE DIVISION OF FORESTRY IN SACRAMENTO WHERE THEY ANALYZE IN SACRAMENTO WHERE THEY ANALYZE THE INFORMATION AND DETERMINE IF A CRITICAL FIRE CONDITION EXISTS. THE ENTIRE PROCESS TAKES NO MORE THAN AN HOUR.

    ONCE AGAIN, METEOROLOGIST WILLIAM INNES.

    FIGHTING FOREST FIRES WITH SPACE TECHNOLOGY. A NEW APPROACH TO AN OLD PROBLEM.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAYXO18X63S8PUV517FEURVVII
    Media URN:
    VLVAYXO18X63S8PUV517FEURVVII
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    01/08/1973
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:04:23:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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