INTRODUCTION: The leaders of black Africa's "frontline" states gathered in the Zambian capital of Lusaka on Saturday (8 January) for talks on the prospects of a peaceful settlement in Rhodesia.
SV African musicians and dancers at airport (2 shots)
SV Nyerere down aircraft steps and greeted by Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda and other officials (2 shots)
GV Musicians PAN TO leaders (from left) President of Mozambique Samora Machel (with beard), and Kaunda with other officials (2 shots)
CU Robert Mugabe shaking hands with delegates (2 shots)
SV Nkomo being greeted by officials
British sources quoted by Reuters news agency say the statement is less than the commitment sought by Mr Richard in his diplomatic shuttle through southern Africa. He had been seeking a public assurance from the leaders that a switch to black majority rule in Rhodesia would be peaceful and orderly and that the guerrilla war would stop once an interim government was established.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: The leaders of black Africa's "frontline" states gathered in the Zambian capital of Lusaka on Saturday (8 January) for talks on the prospects of a peaceful settlement in Rhodesia.
SYNOPSIS: The countries represented were Zambia, Tanzania, Mozambique, Botswana and Angola. Their talks centred around the latest proposals as presented by the chairman of the Rhodesia conference in Geneva, Mr Ivor Richard.
One of the first leaders to arrive for the summit was Tanzania's President Julius Nyerere. He was met by his Zambian counterpart, Kenneth Kaunda. After the meeting, Mr Nyerere read out a statement which said the countries held out the prospect of an end to Rhodesia's guerrilla war once "colonialism, oppression and racism" are eliminated from the white-ruled territory. The statement left a question mark over the extent to which the states support new British efforts to achieve a peaceful settlement.
Black nationalist leader, Robert Mugabe, also attended the meeting. His alliance with Joshua Nkomo was given full "political, material and diplomatic support".
Mr Nkomo also attended and heard the leaders reiterate their conviction that the armed struggle is a product of oppression and racism.