• Short Summary

    President Kenneth Kaunda signed a new constitution on Saturday (25 August) making zambia a one-party state.

  • Description

    President Kenneth Kaunda signed a new constitution on Saturday (25 August) making zambia a one-party state.

    Tight security surrounded the ceremony, that took place during the three-day convention of Zambia's ruling United National Independence Party. The setting for this, the largest-ever political rally in Zambia. was Mulungashi Rock, a traditional meeting place for nationalist gatherings.

    The 6,000 delegates cried "shame" as the President made a bitter, verbal attack on the powers of the City of London. He called the City "the so-called square mile whose tentacles spread all over Africa grasping wealth and giving very little in return."
    Zambia welcomed foreign investment, said President Kounda. But Africa would never enjoy true independence while decisions were taken in boardrooms thousands of miles away.

    Presidents of two neighbouring Africa states were present as Dr. Kaunda signed the new constitution into being. Dr. Julius Nyerers of Tanzania and General Mobutu Seso-Seko of Zaire witnessed the signing along with representatives of Kenya, Botswana, Malawi, Swaziland, and Lesotho.

    Besides witnessing the signing of the Constitution, the delegates were assembled to elect a new Central Committee from a list of candidates prepared by party leaders.

    SYNOPSIS: On Saturday -- the largest political rally ever held in Zambia. Six thousand delegates gathered at Mulungashi Rock in Central Zambia for a three-day convention of the ruling United National Independence Party.

    President Kenneth Kaunda ushered in a new era in Zambian polities when he signed into law a new constitution making his country a one-party state, a move planned to unify the many different tribal interests in the land.

    Following the signing of the constitution, the delegates heard Dr. Kaunda make a bitter attack on the power of the City of London. He said that in London decisions were being made about Zambia's future over which the Zambian people had no control. He saw the economic hold that wealthier countries had over Africa as a new form of colonialism. Dr. Kaunda went on to attack the Western press, accusing it of callous indifference towards independent Africa, although fully reporting news of whites in Africa.

    Dr. Julius Nyerere of Tanzania land General Mobutu Seso-Seko of Zaire were among foreign guests present at Mulungashi Rock on Saturday. Strict security was enforced at the conference, following an unexplained bomb explosion at the Chinese Embassy a week ago.

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    Reuters - Including Visnews
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