• Short Summary

    The thirtieth anniversary of the Japanese surrender that officially ended the Second World War falls on 2 September, 1975.

  • Description

    The thirtieth anniversary of the Japanese surrender that officially ended the Second World War falls on 2 September, 1975.

    It was on board the U.S. battleship "Missouri" that Japanese Foreign Minister Shigemitsu and General MacArthur, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, signed the historic surrender agreement.

    Then, much of Japan's capital city Tokyo was in ruins. It's believed that almost ten million people were killed, injured or made homeless as a result of Allied air raids on the city.

    The full cycle had been completed since the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, Hawaii, on 7 December, 1941, linked two separate were into a World War.

    The real "knock-out" blows for Japan, came with the world's first atom bomb attacks. The first on Hiroshima (6 August, 1945) and the second three days later on Nagasaki.

    On 27 August, 1945 the Allied Fleet sailed into Tokyo Bay, dropped anchor and a seven year occupation of Japan Began.

    Thirty years later Tokyo Day, although less beautiful than it was before the war years, is only one of the many outlets for the multiplying products of Japan's economic miracle.

    Hundreds of ships per week now sail into the bay, but they bring supplied to feed Japan's industrial machine. The country now solves her raw material shortages by an aggressive trade policy rather than military force.

    That aggressive trade policy has made the Japanese businessman perhaps the most feared in Asia, but it has helped bring Japan from a war ruined country to the third most powerful of the world's economies.

    The country now enjoys a standard of living far above the rest of Asia, a standard unthinkable in pre-war Japan. Tokyo's Maronouchi business district is homebase to offices spread all over the globe concentrating on the major cities of its former enemies America and Britain, and former ally, Germany.

    The American and other Allied bases that once littered the Japanese landscape are now reduced to a mere handful .. many have been handed over to home self-defence forces or turned into housing projects. 100,000 American servicemen were stationed in Japan during the 1950's, now the number on the mainland is 20,000.

    Nationalist right-wingers continue to try and persuade the Japanese to revert to the old days of glory and ???, but the audiences are never large.

    The only armed forces followed Japan under their Constitution are small, carefully controlled "Self Defence Forces". The Army is restricted to only 180,000 men -- a fraction of the forces of nearby China.

    That Constitution, given to Japan by General MacArthur, renounces war as an "instrument of national policy" and the Japanese seem content to keep it that way.

    SYNOPSIS: The second of September, nineteen-forty-five and the Japanese delegation led by Foreign Minister Shigemitsu boards the U.S. battleship "Missouri" for the signing ceremony that was to officially end the second World war.

    The Allies were represented by the supreme Commander of their forces, General Douglas MacArthur.

    The full cycle had turned since the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour in August, nineteen-forty-one had linked two separate wars into a world war.

    Japan's capital city, Tokyo, was in ruins. An estimated ten millions people were killed, injured or left homeless by Allied air attacks. The two atom bomb blast .. at Hiroshima and Nagasaki .. had finished what remained of the famous Japanese fighting spirit.

    And on August twenty-seventh, nineteen-forty-five the Allied fleet sailed into Tokyo Bay, dropped anchor and a seven year occupation began.

    Tokyo Bay today.. thirty years later. Perhaps less beautiful than in the years before the war, but only one of the many outlets for the multiplying products of Japan's economic miracle.

    Now the only Japanese policy of aggression is her trade policy.

    The Maronouchi business district is the homebase to offices spread all over the globe, concentrating on the major cities Japan's former enemies America and Britain, and former ally, Germany.

    The country enjoys a standard of living far higher than the rest of Asia .. a standard unthinkable in pre-war years.

    The majority of Japanese have moved to the country's huge metropolitan areas and use shopping areas like GINZA .. a complete shopper's complex.

    The American and other Allied military bases that once littered Japan have shrunk to a mere handful. from nearly one-hundred-thousand American servicemen stationed in Japan in the nineteen-fifties, there are now less than twenty-thousand left on the mainland. Many of the military bases are being handed over to the Government for conversion into housing projects.

    Nationalist right-wingers continue to try and persuade the people to revert to the old days of glory and expansionism, but their audiences have never been large. And Japan's Constitution renounces war as an instrument of "national policy".

    That Constitution, given to Japan by General MacArthur, also limits the size of the country's armed forces.

    The forces are small, carefully controlled and referred to as the "Self Defence Forces" (SDF).

    The Army is restricted to only on-hundred-and-eighty-thousand men, far less than the huge forces of nearby China.

    Most of the SDF's time is spent in public relations. They make point of being instantly available in times of public disasters .. like earthquakes.

    One of their biggest units is the legal corps, which is constantly engaged in fending off legal suits brought by members of the public objecting to the existence of even the present tiny force.

    Many Japanese regard the Army as strictly un-constitutional.

    They are content with MacArthur's charter .. and want to insure that Japan never knows the ravages of war again.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAO8XKI74M18OUWZPO7O7XGZLU
    Media URN:
    VLVAO8XKI74M18OUWZPO7O7XGZLU
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    30/08/1975
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:03:04:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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