Che Dong area, insists that the western extremity of the Line is at 27????4S'N., pushing it more than 6 kilometres northwards.
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Background: Che Dong area, insists that the western extremity of the Line is at 27????4S'N., pushing it more than 6 kilometres northwards. But the coordinates on the original map of their illegal Line are there and cannot be altered.
Indian armed provocations became graver still. Chinese frontier guards were wounded by Indian gunfire. The bullets of the invading Indian troops took the lives of our officers and men. But for the sake of a peaceful settlement. China adopted an approach of self-restraint and forbearance. During this period, the Chinese Government three times proposed to the Indian Government that the two sides should promptly enter into discussion of the boundary question without raising any preconditions. But all the Chinese proposals were rejected.
India took the path of military adventure. The then Minister of Defence, Krishma Menon, went to the border to plan a large-scale armed attack. A new army corps to deal with China was set up in India with Lieutenant General Kaul as commander. Nehru gave orders to "free" Chinese territory of Chinese troops.
Soon afterwards, Indian forces began heavy artillery attacks on Chinese frontier guards in the eastern and western sectors.
Finally, on October 20, 1962, on Nehru's orders, Indian troops launched a large-scale general offensive along the entire border. The Chinese frontier guards suffered heavy casualties. Pressed beyond the limits of forbearance and left with no room for retreat, they had to strike back in self-defence. It is a matter of profound grief to China that China and India should cross swords over the boundary question.
Four days after the Sino-Indian border conflict broke out, the Chinese Government put forward three proposals for halting the border conflict and reopening peaceful negotiations.
The principal point in China's proposals was to have the armed forces of each withdraw 20 kilometres from the Nov. 7, 1959 line of actual control and disengage. This would not only forestall border clashes but would also create a favourable atmosphere for reopening peaceful negotiations. It was pointed out that should the Indian Government agree to this approval, the Chinese frontier forces which crossed the line of actual control and reached the Tawong area in the course of counter-attacking in self-defence in the eastern.
BORMANN IS ALIVE, NAZI SEEKER SAYS
Hitler Aide Uses a Double, Wiesenthal Reports Here
By IRVING SPEIGEL
Simon Wiesenthal, who has tracked down 1,000 Nazi war criminals, including Adolf Eichmann, said yesterday that Martin Bormann, Hitler's deputy, was still at large and utilized "a double".
"Bormann," Mr. Wiesenthal said, "travels freely through Chile, Paraguay and Brazil. He had a strong organization dedicated to aiding other Nazi war criminals to evade authorities."
Mr. Wiesenthal, said that Bormann "uses five or six names . . . he has many friends, money. I get reports on him simultaneously from two places too far apart to let there be just one man."
Among those Nazi criminals still at large, whose whereabouts he does not know, Mr. Wiesenthal said, are Heinrich Mueller, chief of the Gestapo, and Richard Gluecks, head of the concentration camps.
Mr. Wiesenthal's chief interest right now is the apprehension of Bormann, Mueller and Gluecks.
At a news conference at the offices of the Anti-Defamation league of B'nal B'rith, 315 Lexington Avenue, Mr. Wiesenthal said there might be as many as 16,000 Nazi war criminals still living either openly or in hiding in various parts of the world.
The 58-year-old Mr. Wiesenthal, once an architect in his native Poland, is visiting the United States in connection with his book, "The Murderers Among Us." It will be published this week by McGraw-Hill. The book was edited by Joseph Wechsberg. This is Mr. Wiesenthal's first trip here.
Not Motivated by Revenge
Mr. Wiesenthal said his job of tracking down Nazi criminals was not motivated by revenge. He performed his work "to seek justice for those six million Jewish men, women and children who died in the Nazi death camps."
This task has occupied him with an almost around-the-clock devotion since his release from the Mauthausen concentration camp in 1945 by the United States Army.
He said he had a personal list of more than 22,000 war criminals in his Jewish Documentation Centre in Vienna. The centre is supported by modest contributions from Jews. he has a staff of 16.
Mr. Wiesenthal was asked if there was any difference between a major and a small time Nazi criminal. He said: "To my mind the Nazi who shoots two children without an order is worse than someone who kills 300 on command."