The United Nations Security Council has approved a resolution declaring any Rhodesian internal settlement made under the auspices of the present Salisbury government to be illegal and unacceptable.
SCU: U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Andrew Young, addressing Security Council.
CU: Vote called for by British Ambassador at the United Nations, Mr. Ivor Richard, delegates vote and decision announced by Richard. (2 SHOTS)
YOUNG: "We must examine the so-called internal settlement dispassionately. I am the first to recognise that anything Mr. Smith has negotiated merits the most careful scrutiny. But I am also willing to credit good faith to the participating nationalist leaders, they as much as the other nationalist leaders of Zimbabwe, want freedom and independence for their country and full political equality for all of the people of the country. It is fair then to ask-what have they achieved is Salisbury? Compared with the kinds of settlement proposals which Smith has entertained in the past, the Salisbury agreement marks some progress. The nationalist leaders have gotten Mr. Smith to agree to the principle of universal adult suffrage. Smith's signature has been obtained on a commitment eventually to step down. There is still however, no iron-clad assurance that he will do so. Finally there is recognition that during the transition period some sharing of power must take place among the participating groups. That being so, Mr. President, there is much in the Salisbury agreement which raises questions regarding the ability to withstand the political pressures which have been built up over the past few years."
RICHARD: "Will those in favour of the draft resolution please raise their hands. Thank you. Those against. Thank you -- abstentions. The result of the voting is as follows. The draft resolution received ten votes in favour, there were no votes against and there were five abstentions. The draft resolution has therefore been adopted as resolution 423 of 1978."
On Wednesday (15 March) the three black nationalist groups which signed the internal agreement in Salisbury dismissed the Security Council resolution as irrelevant. A spokesman for Chief Jeremiah Chirau's Zimbabwe United People's Organisation (ZUPO) said "We will continue to go ahead with our plans for the establishment of an interim government as soon as possible". The African National Council (ANC) of the Reverend Ndabaningi Sithole said "We are not all perturbed. They (the United Nations) are not the people of Zimbabwe and the people of Zimbabwe support the agreement". The United African National Council (UANC) of Bishop Abel Muzorewa said the U.N. vote was not a surprise "The agreement does not require the approval of the U.N." a spokesman said.
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Background: The United Nations Security Council has approved a resolution declaring any Rhodesian internal settlement made under the auspices of the present Salisbury government to be illegal and unacceptable. On Tuesday (14 March) ten Third World members of the Council voted in favour of the resolution, but five western powers all abstained. These were the United States, Britain, France, Canada, and West Germany. Speaking on the motion British Ambassador Ivor Richard-who later took the vote-pledged his government to continue efforts to obtain a more broadly-based settlement. United States Ambassador Andrew Young spoke along the same lines.