Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda has told hundreds of young people that there is no going back on Zambia's support for a government of national unity in Angola.
GV Demonstrators (students) expressed agreement on Kaunda's stand, led by police band.
SV Student carrying a placard (2 shots)
GV Students gather for rally, some holding placards. (2 shots)
GV Demonstrators assembly outside State House.
GV AND SV Kaunda and wife meets demonstrators. (2 shots)
SV Demonstrators wave signs. (2 shots)
SV Kaunda takes rostrum and waves to crowd PAN ACROSS TO crowd waving back and clapping.
Initials VS 23.10 VS 23.00
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Background: Zambian President Kenneth Kaunda has told hundreds of young people that there is no going back on Zambia's support for a government of national unity in Angola.
The President, addressing an enthusiastic gathering of Youth Brigade members at State House in Lusaka on Sunday (25 January) expressed his country's support for all three liberation movements in Angola. He said the choice of who should rule Angola rested with the Angolans, not with the Soviet Union, United States or anybody else.
The Youth Brigade registered its total support for the Government's stand and called for the withdrawal of all foreign troops from the country.
The President expressed his regret that Cuba was deeply involved in the Angolan conflict. However, he said, he still believed that the Cuban leader Fidel Castro was a revolutionary leader and he had great respect and love for him. "We do not believe that the Cubans are in Angola for the same reasons as the Soviet Union. They are merely being used by the Soviet Union, a superpower. It is a very sad thing indeed," he said.
But on Thursday (29 January) Zambia was under a full state of emergency as President Kaunda's Government moved to deal with the dangers posed by the Angolan war, foreign subversion and a troubled economy.
The four million Zambians, surprised by the Government move, waited to see what action it would take next. The emergency empowers the Government to disregard some constitutional rights and freedoms.
In a broadcast announcing the state of emergency, the President said the uncertain situation to the south in white-ruled Rhodesia was another problem.
Only days before the youth rally President Kaunda encountered bitter opposition from Zambian University students who accused him of "criminal treachery" for declining to recognise the Soviet-backed Launda government of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA).
SYNOPSIS: The Government of President Kenneth Kaunda has put Zambia under a full state of emergency. One of the reasons is the dangers posed by the Angolan war. The Government's Angolan policy has been controversial but some young people expressed their support at a recent rally.
Hundreds of students in favour of the Zambian Government's policy on Angola marched to State House in the capital Lusaka to express their support. They are all members of a youth brigade which has registered its support for President Kaunda's plea for all foreign troops to withdraw from war-torn Angola.
This demonstration in favour of foreign policy was in marked contrast to one a few days earlier, when angry university students accused President Kaunda of criminal treachery. They said they opposed his refusal to recognise the Soviet-backed Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola, the MPLA as the only official Angolan Government.
President Kaunda said Zambia would not retract its support for a Government of national unity in Angola. He said the choice of who should rule the country rested with the Angolans, not the Soviet Union, United States or any other country. Four days after the rally, President Kaunda announced the state of emergency. The problems of neighbouring Angola was only one of the reasons. A troubled economy, the uncertain situation to the south in white-ruled Rhodesia, and what he called foreign subversion, were others.