Oslo - capital of the kingdom of Norway. Oslo with her great harbour, her ships,?
Oslo - capital of the kingdom of Norway. Oslo with her great harbour, her ships, her modern buildings, her teaming population. It is here that the Foreign Ministers of NATO will meet for their Spring Conference on May 8th next.
Not far from Oslo is the northernmost command of NATO. Norway's participation in the Atlantic Alliance is vital because she defends the left flank on a line stretching from the Arctic Circle in the north to the eastern most borders of Turkey in the south - a distance of some 9,000 kilometres (or miles) - a large country Norway.
The distance from Oslo the capital, to Rome or Madrid is equal to the whole length of Norway from Oslo to the northern border.
There is barbed wire on that border for on the other side is the Soviet Union.
The Norwegians are sea-faring people. Their merchant navy is the third largest in the world. Thousands of Norwegians depend on fishing for their livelihood. The fishing fleets of Norway operate everywhere in the world. They can be found round the coasts of Newfoundland, Iceland, in the Channel and in the North Sea. They fish anything from the herring to the whale.
The Norwegian people get all the products they can out of the land but the mountainous nature of the countryside makes life difficult for the farmer.
Norway has a wealth of timber. Her lumberjacks are the finest in Europe.
Everywhere in Norway, the rivers thunder their steep way down the country modern power stations produce electricity indispensable to industry.
the valleys into the sea. This gives Norway power, hydraulic power. And up and down the...
The Norwegian Navy is small but highly efficient. These frogmen specialise in all manner of underwater activity. It cannot be easy to make a box at the bottom of the sea!
And once the job is done, these frogmen are picked up, one by one; picked up in the way most likely not to attract the attention of a lurking enemy.
Then there are these coastal defense helicopters. They help detect and destroy floating mines,which broke loose after World War II and since can be danger to shipping. The explosive charge is attached to the mine.
The frogman climbs rapidly back unto his helicopter.
The mine explodes!
The Norwegians are intensely patriotic. They love their land, their freedom. They remember with gratitude their late King Haakon II who during his reign had to face up to invasion and gallantly continued to fight for his country from English soil.
Training is difficult but Norway's crack division - Brigade North - knows its job and the Norwegians have the reputation of being the most accurate sharpshooters in the world.
Every year NATO organise manoeuvre in the far North, manoeuvre attended by senior officers from the other allied nations.
North of the Arctic Circle live a people whose entire economy is based on the reindeer. There are 25,000 lapps in Norway alone. The Lapps are a strange people. They are nomads and live where their reindeer can find food. Weekends, they too become soldiers and the Lapp Home Guard is one of the most pictures- que and efficient mobile forces in the world today.
But the Norwegians do not have to depend only on primitive methods of warfare to resist an aggression. These "Honest John" are the proof that Norway can dispose of the finest weapons in the armoury of NATO.
And they love their reigning monarch Olaf V who is Norway's "number one citizen" in all that he does and in all that he enjoys.