Sudan celebrated its 17th anniversary of independence on January 1st. The President, Major General Jaafar?
GV Horsemen and camel drivers through streets (2 shots)
SV Nimeiry dancing with crowd (3 shots)
GTV Army demonstration in sports stadium
SV Nimeiry and Governor watching
GV Troops demonstrating armed combat exercise (2 shots)
SV Ministers look on
GTV Troops parade past (2 shots)
Initials BB/2047 CG/AW/BB/2102
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Background: Sudan celebrated its 17th anniversary of independence on January 1st. The President, Major General Jaafar el Nimeiry, left Sudan to visit Mecca in Saudi Arabia early on independence day, but the day before (31st December) he joined in celebrations in the town of El Fashir in Darfur province. Nomads with camels and horsemen lined the streets as the President drove through the town to open the new office of the Socialist Union for Darfer. The Socialist Union is Sudan's only recognised political party.
In the afternoon, President Nimeiry attended a sports meeting at the stadium in El Fashir.
On Independence Day itself (1 January) the President's first Deputy, Major General Muhammad al Baqir Ahmad flew to El Fashir where he delivered the independence speech. About 20,000 people gathered in the town's main centre to hear General Baqir.
Sudan became an independent republic in 1956. A coup d'etat two years later brought the army to power. The new parliament was suspended and the political parties were abolished. A supreme Council of the Armed Forces ruled until 1964 when it was overthrown in a civilian revolution. In 1969 the government was overthrown by a group of officers and civilians led by Colonel Nimeiry. He was elected President by a referendum in October 1971.