• Short Summary


    One of the world's most famous newspapers, "The Times" of London, celebrates its bicentenary on January 1, 1985.

  • Description

    1. SV PULL BACK TO LV "The Times" building today 0.10
    2. SV & CU INTERIOR Journalists in newsroom (2 shots) 0.18
    3. CU Printing presses (3 shots) 0.26
    4. CUs Facsimile of "Universal Daily Register" 1/1/1785 and first issue of "The Times" 1/1/1788 (4 shots) 0.38
    5. CU Painting of John Walter, printer who founded the newspaper 0.42
    6. CU Painting of original Times building 0.47
    7. CU Picture of wooden press used in 1875, first reel-fed rotary press used in 19886 0.54
    8. CUs Historic headlines from 1805, 1815, 1854, 1918 and 1939 (5 shots) 1.22
    9. CU 1966 edition with news on front page 1.26
    10. CU Painting of Thomas Barnes, first editor 1.30
    11. CU Black-and-white film of ex-editor Geoffrey Dawson 1.38
    12. CUs Letters to the Editor page (3 shots) 1.51
    13. CU The Times' owner Rupert Murdoch at reception 1.58
    14. SV & CU Journalists using computerized photo-setting (2 shots)2.05
    15. CU "Portfolio" cards on issue of 25/6/84 2.14
    16. CUs First crossword puzzle and puzzler working on recent crossword (2 shots) 2.24
    17. CU Painting of 1831 "Waiting for The Times" 2.28

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: VARIOUS LOCATIONS, U.K.

    One of the world's most famous newspapers, "The Times" of London, celebrates its bicentenary on January 1, 1985. The paper was founded by John Walter, who turned to printing after losing his money in the American War of Independence. The first issue, called "The Daily Universal Register", appeared on January 1, 1785. Three years later, Walter changed its name to "The Times". The first news -sheets reached a tiny readership in London. Journalists were dependent on the post office for news from abroad and relied on politicians for subsidies. Walter used an invention called "logography" to set lines of words in one block. Prior to this, printing was done by picking letters out of a box and setting them to make words. The paper soon established itself as an independent news-sheet which was net afraid to attack members of the British government and the landed gentry. It earned the pick-name "The Thunderer" after its eyewitness reports of the Peterloo Massacre in 1819, when discontented workers in Manchester were either injured or killed by yeomanry attempting to break up their rally. Perhaps the most famous correspondent of The Times was William Howard Russell, one of journalism's first professional foreign correspondents. He covered various wars over his 30-year career, including the Crimean War and the Indian Mutiny. The Times' two most prominent editors in the nineteenth century, Thomas Barnes and John Thadeus Delane, were not afraid to criticise the government on occasions, and often incurred the wrath of England's prime ministers. In 1908, the paper was bought by Lord Northcliffe, who improved the lay-out and presentation. The "Letters to the Editor" section became one of the most famous and controversial in newspaper journalism. The Times introduced the crossword, and earlier this year (1984) introduced a game called "Portfolio" which increased circulation by about 30 per cent. The paper, which now belongs to Australian entrepreneur Rupert Murdoch, has entered the computer age in its printing processes, a far cry from the simple printing equipment first used by John Walter two centuries ago.


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