VARIOUS, USA & FILE
The United States is optimistic about progress during 1983 in its talks with the Soviet Union on reducing stocks of nuclear weapons.
VARIOUS, USA & FILE
1. SV President Reagan descends aircraft steps (2 shots) 0.06
2. SCU Reagan speaking (SOT) 0.15
3. SV Mr. and Mrs. Reagan and entourage walk along runway 0.21
4. SCU Ambassador Edward Rowny, arms negotiator, speaks (SOT) (3 shots) 0.49
5. SV US State Department spokesman Alan Romberg speaks (SOT) (2 shots) 1.40
6. GV & SV Parade of USSR military hardware and missiles (MUTE) (2 shots) 1.47
7. SV Missile guidance system and operator at controls (6 shots) 2.08
8. GV Soviet missile is launched 2.13
9. SV US missiles (3 shots) 2.22
10. AERIAL VIEW US missile silo (3 shots) 2.35
11. AERIAL VIEW US submarine firing missile (3 shots) 2.44
12. GV Nuclear bomb test explosion annihilating houses (4 shots) 2.55
TRANSCRIPT (SEQ. 2): REAGAN: "They feel that the Soviets are really negotiating and in earnest...and so we're a little optimistic."
TRANSCRIPT (SEQ. 4): ROWNY: "I think the odds are probably 50-50 .. it's difficult to predict at this early stage ... how to twist words and how to appeal .. the things in a way we don't quite understand. You know, they pre-empt our words like Alice in Wonderland. Words mean whatever they want them to mean."
TRANSCRIPT (SEQ. 5): ROMBERG: "Make sure that these talks move quickly and end successfully. Mr. Rowny's statement in response to a question reflected his judgement as an experienced arms negotiator. But if the Soviets were to demonstrate equally good intentions, an agreement would be possible in 1983. The US has tabled a proposal to reduce ballistic missiles by half our present levels and to reduce warheads on ballistic missiles by one third .. the Soviets have also called for reductions. However, the Soviet proposals remain imprecise and would result in much more modest reductions than the ones envisaged under the US proposal. We have put the proposal and negotiations are being conducted on a serious basis. With good Soviet intentions. Ambassador Rowny believes there is a possibility of reaching an agreement in the coming year. More than that should not be read into his statement."
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Background: VARIOUS, USA & FILE
The United States is optimistic about progress during 1983 in its talks with the Soviet Union on reducing stocks of nuclear weapons. Saving it is still too early to predict the final outcome of the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START), US arms negotiator Edward Rowny believes there is a 50-50 chance of agreement being reached. As President Ronald Reagan and Mrs. Reagan arrived in Palm Springs, California on December 29, Mr. Reagan said there is the feeling that the Soviets are really negotiating in earnest. Mr. Rowny, who heads the US delegation in Geneva, added that more progress was made in the last six months than in two years under the previous arms limitation discussions. His comments were somewhat tempered by US State Department spokesman Alan Romberg who said they reflected only Mr Rowny's judgement and the statement was based "simply on Soviet good intentions". He said more than that should not be read into the comment. The START talks began in June 1982, but have been suspended until February, 1983. The Soviet Union and the United States have the capability of destroying the world, many times over. As early as 1978, US intelligence sources were saying that Moscow had achieved superiority by improving its missile guidance system. The increased accuracy means Soviet missiles can knock out prime targets such as US land-based missiles. The United States has over 1,000 Minutemen kept in silos throughout the country and an armoury of submarine and aircraft launched nuclear missiles. The START talks are being closely monitored by world governments and peace groups who fear the consequences of a war between the two super powers.
Source: REUTERS LIBRARY AND NATIONAL BROADCASTING COMPANY INCORPORATED