The General Assembly of the United Nations admitted Papua New Guinea to membership of the world organisation on Friday (10 October).
SV President speaking to Assembly (SAME SHOT) President speaks (at 10 FT., 3.0 METRES, 16 SECS.)
GV Delegates applauding
SV Australian Permanent Representative Ralph Harry, speaking
GV Delegates applaud
SV Mr. Salim Ahmed Salim of Tanzania speaking
SV Prime Minister of Papua-New Guinea, Michael T. Somare walks on to rostrum
SCU Somare speaking
TRANSCRIPT: THOORN: "It is so decided. I declare Papua-New Guinea admitted to membership in the United Nations."
HARRY: "It is primarily the people of Papua-|New Guinea themselves who have, by their own efforts, created in their own land this new state able to take its place proudly among the members of the United Nations. And there is no doubt, Mr. President, that the Papua-New Guinea government has already demonstrated, not only its determination but its capacity for the maintenance of peace, both in its domestic affairs and in its international relations."
SALIN: "The Special Committee on De-Colonisation, which has steadfastly supported the struggle of the people of Papua-New Guinea for self-determination and independence, is particularly gratified at the emergence of that state as a sovereign and independent nation, and its assumption today of the responsibilities as a full member of the international community."
SOMARE: "Mr. President I wish to acknowledge our debt of gratitude to others who have more...who have made possible the emergence of Papua-New Guinea as an independent state. This debt is owed primarily to Australia which assumed the responsibility of an administering authority within a few years of its own attainment of statehood. And later accepted further obligations under a League of Nations mandate end again under the United Nations trusteeship agreement. Probably because she was a new state herself, Australia did not inflict an authoritarian colonialist policy on my country. This is shown most clearly by the fact that today, ninety per cent of the land still remains under the traditional ownership of the people."
This film is serviced with extracts from the remarks of the U.N.President, M. Gaston Thorn of Luxembourg, and extracts from the speeches by Mr. Harry, Mr. Salim and Mr. Somare. (A transcript of all extracts is given below.)
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: The General Assembly of the United Nations admitted Papua New Guinea to membership of the world organisation on Friday (10 October). The Assembly approved by acclamation the recommendation of the Security Council that the new state should be admitted.
The former Australian trust territory therefore became the 142nd member of the United Nations, Papua-New Guinea gained its independence last month (September), but it had not been an easy transition for the new country.
Bougainville island, which is rich in minerals, has already declared itself " independent" of Papua-New Guinea, and it had accused the New Government in Port Moresby, and Australia of indifference to the island's problems. The loss of Bougainville would be a major blow to the revenue of the new country.
After Papua-New Guinea's admission into the world body, various speakers welcomed the new country and congratulated it on its independence. They included the Australian permanent representative, Mr. Ralph Harry, and Mr. Salim Ahmed Salim of Tanzania, who is the Chairman of the Committee of Twenty-four De-Colonialisation. In his speech the Prime Minister of Papua-New Guinea, Mr. Michael Somare, thanked the Assembly for its support.