Political analysts are divided on whether the Vorster Government will adopt a hard or soft line with the black homeland Transkei which this week (April 10) broke off diplomatic relations with South Africa.
GVs disputed land strip, (2 shots) East Griqualand. (Shots 1-10 SILENT)
GV street scene, Kokstad, East Griqualand.
CU South African Permanent Building Society notice PULL BACK TO GV building
GV street scene
GV The Standard Bank of South Africa Limited.
GV Street scene
LV PAN Transkei landscape
GV PULL BACK Sheep grazing with shanty town in background
GVs villagers driving stock and carrying bundles of sticks (three shots)
CU Transkei flag, TILT DOWN TO GV State Building
CU Chief Matanzima speaking (two shots)
CHIEF MATANZIMA: "The reason for the breaking of the diplomatic relations with South Africa is because of the arrogance and contemptuous attitude in which the Republic and Government has treated the Transkei by unilaterally transferring East Griqualand to Natal."
NICK LOUW: "Would you accept Cuban aid if and when it is offered to your country?"
CHIEF MATANZIMA: "We shall accept aid from any country."
It is not the first time the Transkei has shown its readiness to take an independent line in actin as well as name. In January, it ordered South African Army advisers and instructors to leave without giving a time limit nor reason. In March last year the Transkei High Court rejected an application for the handing over to South Africa of five Transkeians facing charges under South Africa's Suppression of Communism Act. And in July last year, Chief Matanzima obtained service in a Whites-only restaurant in King Williams Town by claiming that, as a member of a foreign government, he could be served anywhere in South Africa.
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Background: Political analysts are divided on whether the Vorster Government will adopt a hard or soft line with the black homeland Transkei which this week (April 10) broke off diplomatic relations with South Africa. Transkei was granted Independence in October 1976. South Africa provides most of its financial support and is the only country in the world to recognise the homeland as an independent state.
SYNOPSIS: The split has arisen over East Griqualand, a strip of land which separates the main area of Transkei from a smaller area around the small town of Umzimkulu.
The town of Kokstad is in the heart of the disputed territory and in a sense the few thousand people living here are in the frontline of a battle over South Africa's Homelands policy. The Transkei government says East Griqualand is rightfully theirs. But South Africa refuses to give up the land and has annexed it to the Natal Province.
The disputed ownership is the main reason offered by Transkei's Prime Minister, Chief Kaiser Matanzima, for breaking off diplomatic relation with Pretoria. Some observers have suggested that a second motive was to draw attention away from his own domestic political problems. The Transkei is the first independent homeland and is a relatively lucky one. It has a large land area - about the size of Denmark - unlike some of the others which are made up of separate small areas. Its population is nearly three million, many of whom still live in South Africa itself. One result of the Chief's stand has been the united support of his previously divided party. The capital of Transkei is Umtata and earlier this week Chief Matanzima spoke there to Visnews' reporter Nick Louw.