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    Alma-Ata, the capital of the Kazakh SSR, one of the 15 sovereign Republics of the Soviet Union, is situated behind high snow-covered mountain peaks, at the foot of the Zailiisky Alatau.

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    Background: Alma-Ata, the capital of the Kazakh SSR, one of the 15 sovereign Republics of the Soviet Union, is situated behind high snow-covered mountain peaks, at the foot of the Zailiisky Alatau. The building of the Supreme Soviet, the highest legislative body of the Republic. The capital of Kazakhstan today is a large industrial, cultural and scientific centre. There is an Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR, Scientific Research Institutes. 12 universities educate experts for work in various fields of peoples' economy. The various and developed industry is a basis for the constant development of the city. 900,000 squad meters of flats have been built here only in the past five years. New office buildings, hotels, Palaces of Culture - and the rate of building increases year by year. The life standard for the 700,000 population of the city is constantly improving. Alma Ata is considered one of the greenest cities in the Soviet Union. Even on the hottest day one can find a cool peace in the shade in one of the numerous parks and gardens of the city. Many people prefer to spend a hot day on the shores of the lake which had been created by the youth of the city, it is an artificial lake. Such is the sun-flooded city Alma-Ata at the foot of the Zailiisky Alatau.

    The person we want to tell you about lives in Kostroma, an ancient Russian city on the Volga River. She works here, in the Institute of Agriculture. Klavdia Petrova is a Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Pro-Rector of the Institute, in head of scientific work. The biography of this woman, her way into science is interesting and characteristic of our time. The lands of the Karavaevo State Farm stretch many kilometres along the banks of the Volga River. this large cattle-breeding enterprise is at the same time an educational base of the Agricultural Institute. Here was the beginning of the labour life of Klavdia Petrova. For many years she worked here as a dairy-maid and achieved such excellent results in her work, that she was awarded the highest state award the title of the Hero of Socialist Labour. The experience that Petrova gathered during her years of work at the state farm was of great use to her during the years of studying at the Agricultural Academy, in her postgraduate studentship and in her whole further scientific and pedagogical work. Her rich life experience allows Petrova to carry out large and important social work. Kostroma has contacts with many foreign countries. Petrova is an active participant in the work of International Friendship Clubs, which are organised in schools. Besides, for several years she stands at the head of the district branch of the Soviet Peace Committee.

    The State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow. Thousands of people come here every day. And they always stop in this fantastic hall, which seems to carry a person into a magic world of fairy-tales. Three giants, three legendary Russian heroes greet you on the threshold of this fantastic land. An here is the creator of this fairy-tale land - the outstanding Russian painter Victor Vasnetsov. On one of the quiet streets of Moscow stands a house which reminds a fairy-tale tower. This is where Vasnetsov lived and created many of his paintings. Deep respect for the rich and original folk art coincided in the artist with great love for Russian nature. Vasnetsov had spent a large period of his life in Abramtsevo, one of the most colourful places in the suburbs of Moscow. It seems that the personages of Vasnetsov's paintings love somewhere near, quite close to us. But not only fairy-tale subjects interested the painter. He constantly turned his attention to the past of his people, to the dramatic and heroic pages of the Russian history. Today, marking the 125th birthday of the painter, we remember the words of Vasnetsov, which had been the credo of all his creative work: "I have always been certain that in genre and historical paintings, in fairy-tales, songs, epics and dramas is expressed the whole image of people, their inner and outer self, together with their past, present and, perhaps, even their future."

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