In South Africa, economists, politicians and about one million blacks are facing a problem which hits them all in a different way.
LV ZOOM IN TO SV Blacks waiting outside West Rand Administration Board building.
CU AND SV: Sign `Labour Matters' in English and Afrikaans, and people entering doorway (2 shots)
CU AND SV: Unemployment blacks sitting around outside. (6 shots)
CU: Work seeker talking to reporter in English.
CU: Unemployed black commenting in English.
LV INTERIOR: White official calling-out jobs available and rates of pay with crowd of unemployed blacks responding.
CU EXTERIOR: Spokesman for West Rand Administration Board Mr Bosman speaking in English.
SV PAN: White official makes announcement and unemployed men leave room
BLACK WORKER: "I've been looking for a job for a long time."
REPORTER: "Is it difficult to find jobs?"
BLACK WORKER: "Very difficult."
REPORTER: "Are these people helping you to find jobs?"
BLACK WORKER: "They are not helping us at all. The only work you can get is cheap labour and the country has quite enough. For 25 Rand-e-week how can you with the cost of living so high. You can't do a thing."
SECOND WORKER: "I have been looking for work since early 1966, up to today. I can't find the right work. It's little bit difficult."
BOSMAN: "Of course there is unemployment in South Africa due to variety of economic reasons. However, we from the West Rand Administration Board, we have the objective to look after the interest of the blacks in the Johannesburg and Soweto area and we provide them with accommodation and also find jobs for them. Our function therefore can be seen as trying to bring the prospective employer and the work sector into contact."
LABOUR OFFICER: "That is all thank you. Half past one?"
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Background: In South Africa, economists, politicians and about one million blacks are facing a problem which hits them all in a different way. Government leaders in the capital, Pretoria, are wrestling with the problems, of sixteen percent inflation and the threat of increasing guerrilla activity. In the townships, such as Soweto and in the black homelands, jobless blacks form despairing queues at employment offices.
SYNOPSIS: One of South Africa's largest and most influential employers' organisations - The Federated Chamber of Industries -- warns of a potentially explosive situation. And Development Minister, Piet Koornhof, says the unemployment problem threatens the country's political stability.
Economic advisors to Prime Minister Pieter Botha, predict unemployment peaking at around two million -- that's one in four black workers. And with little hoes of change in the next ten years .. there's real fear of violence.
Ironically, the South African economy is reaping a rich harvest from the swelling price of gold. That has the effect of adding to the tension.. aith unions becoming increasingly bitter about the continual government constraint on wages.
Inside the West Rand Administration Board building jobs are auctioned-off to workers with the highest level of skills.
But there are more workers in the bidding than there are jobs. Nobody is even sure of the total potential workforce in South Africa. But whatever the figures add up to there is general agreement over the immediate future. The numbers out of work will grow putting more pressure on a society implementing a policy of separate development-- known more frequently as apartheid -- and brimming with social tension.
Some find jobs that suit them, but the unemployment rate still remains firmly in double figures.