On January 20, 1981, 52 Americans held hostage by the Iranian authorities for more than 14 months were allowed to go free.
1. BBC JANUARY 20
GV PAN U.S. flags flying at cemetery (2 shots) 0.09
2. SV TILT UP Memorial plaque with eternal flame 0.13
3. SVs INTERIOR School children, seated and listening to lecture (3 shots) 0.23
4. SV Military officer addressing children (SOT) 0.36
5. GV EXTERIOR Children singing in cemetery 0.41
6. CU Plaque listing names of men who died in attempt to break siege 0.44
7. SV Vietnam veterans outside cemetery in demonstration (2 shots) 0.56
8. CU Vietnam, veteran spokesman speaking (SOT) 1.20
9. GVs AND SVs Colonel Holland and Garry Lee place wreaths at memorial as crowd looks on (3 shots) 1.38
10. GV PAN U.S. flags in cemetery 1.49
VISNEWS LIBRARY (1981)
11. SVs Embassy hostages move through jeering crowd at Teheran airport (3 shots) 2.07
12. SVs INTERIOR Hostages board aircraft, take seats and speak with crew (4 shots) 2.29
13. GV EXTERIOR Aircraft taking off 2.33
14. GV Hostages down aircraft steps and wave to crowd in West Germany 2.40
15. GV Buses with hostages drive through cheering crowd in Wiesbaden, West Germany 2.45
16. SV Hostages out of bus 2.54
17. GV President Jimmy Carter waving and entering building in Wiesbaden, sign saying 'You're free! After all we are Americans'. (3 shots) 3.07
SPEECH (TRANSCRIPT) (SEQ. 4):
OFFICER: "And some day they might point a finger at you, and you're going to stick your chin up and say no. You're going to fight for it. You'll do O.K. When your turn comes, just stand up and (indistinct)."
VETERAN (SEQ 8): "We just want the American people to realise that the Iranian hostages aren't the only ones. And it's been ten years since these men, they were supposed to have been home at least ten years ago, they've been held ten years, and we want them to remember this, we don't want them to forget. This is why we're out here, on cold days and anytime we can, to keep it in their minds."
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: USA/IRAN/WEST GERMANY
On January 20, 1981, 52 Americans held hostage by the Iranian authorities for more than 14 months were allowed to go free. Two years later, a ceremony marking the anniversary of their release was held at a cemetery where the Stars and Stripes was raised for every day the hostages were held. The total number of flags reached 444. A flame now burns by a memorial plaque, to remind the free world of the ordeal, and children in U.S. schools are being told the story in class. Before the ceremony, a military officer told local children they must always cherish freedom, and be prepared to defend the liberty of others. The children than attended a service held in honour of the eight members of a U.S. rescue team who died on April 24, 1980 while on a secret mission to recover the hostages. Vietnam War Veterans had also come along, with a further message to deliver. They said they had come to remind the American nation that hundreds of American soldiers had still not been heard of ten years after being reported missing in the South East Asian conflict. Two of the former hostages in Iran, Colonel Holland and Mr. Garry Lee, who now hold posts in the U.S. Administration, were there to honour the man who had died trying to rescue them. Then, with 50 other men and women, they ran the gauntlet of about 500 Iranian students shouting "Death to America". to reach their plane at Teheran Airport. They travelled for twelve hours before reaching West Germany, where they were greeted by former U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, who resigned after the abortive rescue attempt. They received treatment at a U.S. military hospital in Wiesbaden, where former President Jimmy Carter offered them encouragement before the last part of their journey home.
Source: BBC - REUTERS LIBRARY