INTRODUCTION: The future seems uncertain for three major plans for peace in the Middle East -- proposals aimed at creating an independent state for the Palestinian people.The Camp David peace process, sponsored by the United States, has been rejected by most Arab nations.Serious doubt has been thrown on the European Community's proposals for the Middle East after a visit to Jerusalem by French Foreign Minister Claude Cheysson.There, on Tuesday (8 December) he rejected any such outside intervention and dismissed parts of the EEC's 1980 Venice Declaration as "absurd".And a new and much vaunted Saudi Arabian initiative ended in deadlock last month (November).Arab leaders meeting in Morocco parted in disarray after only five hours of talks about Saudi crown Prince Fahd's eight-point peace plan.
(MONO)(MUTE) Bethlehem, 1967: SV Mosque and buildings in Bethlehem - SV Israeli tanks and flags raised. (2 SHOTS)
(COLOUR & SOUND) SV & CU Workers in field and crops sprayed. (2 SHOTS)
1971: GVs New settlement near Nablus. (2 SHOTS)
GVs Troops guarding wall in Jerusalem and Arabs arriving to pray. (3 SHOTS)
GVs Jews and Arabs walking near Damascus Gate, Jerusalem. (2 SHOTS)
SCU Prince Fahd addressing conference - GV audience applauding. (2 SHOTS)
Yamit, 1981: TV Yamit town - GV people walking through town - SV people with 'Yamit' T-shirts. (4 SHOTS)
SV Children in bicycle parade - SV Animal parade - SV people sitting outside cafe. (4 SHOTS)
(MONO) GV Tanks in Sinai Desert - GV Anglo-French landing from Suez Canal. (3 SHOTS)
1967: Ground targets from Israeli fighter aircraft - GV explosion over town - SV tank enters town. (3 SHOTS)
Israel, 1981: GVs Moslems praying in Mosque. (2 SHOTS)
Fez, Morocco, November, 1981: GV Conference room -- SV PAN Over delegates listening. (3 SHOTS)
Washington, 1979: SV & GV Sadat, Begin and Carter signing Camp David treaty. (3 SHOTS)
Cairo, October, 1981: TV Sadat's funeral procession - TV coffin on gun carriage. (2 SHOTS)
SV INTERIOR & CU Votes being counted.
GV INTERIOR Audience in parliament applauding as Mubarak arrives - SV Mubarak speaking in Arabic. (4 SHOTS)
Saudi Arabia, November, 1981: SV Carrington walking with Prince Saud, SV INTERIOR PAN Carrington and Saudi delegation - SV Carrington and Saud. (2 SHOTS)
Beirut, 1981: SV Arafat speaking in English.
ARAFAT: "No peace, no solution, no stability, no security by overjumping the Palestinian rights including their rights to establish their independent states to return back to their homeland to establish their independent states and our capital is Jerusalem."
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: The Israelis have threatened to vote the European contribution to the Sinai peace-keeping force. They say the contribution is linked, through the Venice Declaration, with support for Palestinian self-determination. They say the European forces must operate solely within the Camp David accords and the Egyptian-Israeli peace agreement. Israel opposes the declaration because it provides for the inclusion of the Palestine Liberation Organisation in the Middle East peace negotiations and for Palestinian self-determination -- this Israel interprets as an independent Palestinian state on the West Bank.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: The future seems uncertain for three major plans for peace in the Middle East -- proposals aimed at creating an independent state for the Palestinian people.The Camp David peace process, sponsored by the United States, has been rejected by most Arab nations.Serious doubt has been thrown on the European Community's proposals for the Middle East after a visit to Jerusalem by French Foreign Minister Claude Cheysson.There, on Tuesday (8 December) he rejected any such outside intervention and dismissed parts of the EEC's 1980 Venice Declaration as "absurd".And a new and much vaunted Saudi Arabian initiative ended in deadlock last month (November).Arab leaders meeting in Morocco parted in disarray after only five hours of talks about Saudi crown Prince Fahd's eight-point peace plan.
SYNOPSIS: A vital point in the Fahd plan calls for Israel's withdrawal from all Arab territories it occupied after the 1967 war.Most important is the West Bank of the Jordan River and East Jerusalem.
The Israelis say they would give up some of the land if they could be assured of defensible borders.Since 1967 they have developed the area and improved its farming.But the country has been criticised for allowing its own civilians to live there.When Israeli citizens settle there, the critics say, it gives an air of permanence to the occupation.
The most controversial proposal of the Saudi initiative is the establishment of an independent Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital.The Israelis reject this idea out of hand.Another point of Prince Fahd's plans calls for the right of all states in the region to live in peace -- an implicit recognition of Israel's existence, something that no Arab country apart from Egypt has ever granted.
Crown Prince Fahd;s plan is also the first Arab attempt to reach a comprehensive settlement with Israel.But after the Morocco summit collapsed, Israel claimed it demonstrated the lack of Saudi influence in the Arab world.
Under the Camp David agreement between Egypt and Israel, the Sinai township of Yamit be handed back to the Egyptians.The population recently celebrated the sixth anniversary of its foundation.A few weeks later the festive mood was over -- Jewish settlers barricaded themselves in the town protesting against government offers of compensation for their evacuation.Most of them are sad to leave their bustling community which, just six years ago, was only desert.
Settlements like Yamit sprang up after the 1967 war when Israeli forces struck across Sinai to the Suez Canal.It was one of four conflicts with its Arab neighbours.Israel occupied parts of Egypt, Syria and Jordan to protect its frontiers.
In his plan, Prince Fahd also wants recognition of the rights of Palestinians to repatriation and compensation for those who choose not to return.And he also calls for the guarantee of freedom of worship in the Holy Land.On one of his points the Arabs say they won't compromise -- the Israeli communities established on land occupied since 1967 must go.
In 1979, after diplomatic efforts by President Carter, the famous Camp David peace treaty was signed by President Sadat of Egypt and Israel's Prime Minister Menachem Begin.Two months ago, (October), Sadat was assassinated.The man who'd broken with the rest of the Arab world by making peace with Israel died before his hopes were completely fulfilled.
But Hosni Mubarak, the man chosen to succeed President Sadat, pledged to continue with the Middle East process.And Israel promised to carry out the next stage of the plan, the evacuation of the Sinai Desert next April.
British Foreign Secretary, Lord Carrington the European Community's Chairman, visited Saudi Arabia recently to discuss Middle East peace moves.