Sweden's latest A-bomb shelter, 30 metres (100ft) inside a mountain at Karlskrena, opened Mar 8 - for recreational games in peacetime.
Sweden's latest A-bomb shelter, 30 metres (100ft) inside a mountain at Karlskrena, opened Mar 8 - for recreational games in peacetime. The shelter is the first of 14 to be guilt by 1970 at major Swedish cities under a ZOOM kroner programme to protect key workers from air attack. Part of the shelter consists of storage rooms used by local factories as a supply depot for the town and region.
Work began on the shelter Jan. 1958. For a year blasting by dynamite shook nearby houses causing some damage. A 400-metre tunnel takes pedestrians into the mountain "township" sealed in war by giant steel doors.
The shelter with sleeping accommodation for 1,200 and room for 5-6,000, cost 3.6M kroner. The naval and air base at Karlskrona employs many of the town's 33,000 people. In war, people not employed in essential services will be evacuated.
Filters to purify any radio-active dust and poison gas from the air, a power station with two diesel motors, heating and cooling systems are regulated by engineers in a control room. These will be operated only if Karlskrona's normal power supplies are destroyed in an attack. Underground hot water tanks, run off the power plant, can pipe thousand of gallons through miles of central heating pipes.
The games floor above it is the best-equipped in the town for table tennis, amateur dramatics, boxing, bowls and wrestling.
Table tennis is a popular sport throughout the country. The table tennis club in Karlskrona has its headquarters in the shelter. The local wrestling club too has moved its training ground and club office into the shelter. The bowling hall, one of the first in Scandinavia, has six skittle alleys for 50 players. In the shelter's theatre, the local amateur dramatic society will present a new play each month.
Sweden's other 13 cities to have this type of shelter began work on them in January. In all they will protect over 66,000 key workers. At the outset of a sudden attack, most city dwellers and their families will be set to the shelters for temporary accommodation until evacuation is possible.
The Karlskrona shelter is the latest civil engineering achievement in Sweden where hangars and storage depots, hewn out of granite mountains, housed much of the air force in World War Two. Part of the Swedish Royal Navy also occupy bases in caverns and tunnels at seal-level.