Pakistan, traditionally known for its hand-woven carpets, has begun to compete commercially with large-scale-scale carpet exporters, such as Iran and Turkey.
GV Bale of wool carried into mill.
GV Wool being sorted.(2 shots)
GV Roll of wool into spinning machine.
SV Wool being spun.(2 shots)
SV EXT. Pickers dividing colours.(2 shots)
SV INT, Balls of wool on racks PAN DOWN weavers weaving.(2 shots)
GV AND CU Carpets being woven.(3 shots)
SV Master weaver referring to design chart.
SV EXT. Finished carpet being washed.
CU Finished carpets.(3 shots)
Initials VS 15.30 VS 15.40
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Background: Pakistan, traditionally known for its hand-woven carpets, has begun to compete commercially with large-scale-scale carpet exporters, such as Iran and Turkey.
For many years, both the government and private business men have been injecting funds into this ancient industry...the legacy of 17th-century Mongols. Now using a combination of modern machinery from industrial countries, like Britain, and cheap child labour, Pakistan has caught up with the manufacturing speed and efficiency of countries like Iran...which has banned this practice.
Whereas Iran uses chemical dyes in manufacture, Pakistan still uses a high proportion of natural vegetable dyes. These do not fade and can withstand rough usage and -- though suitable for only medium-quality carpets -- natural wool shades are popular in many European countries and Australia.
In addition, whereas Iran tends to use goat hair, Pakistan carpet-weavers use cotton thread. Even the basic arrangement of knotted threads are different , although the main basic colour schemes and designs are similar for both countries.
Today the export of hand-woven carpets is big business, and Pakistani manufacturers have offices in many world centres. To fulfil the increasing demand for these specialised carpets, some of the ancient weaving techniques have been forced to give way to modern mass-production processes. Film shows modern production methods at a major factory near Lahore.