The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Dr. Kurt Waldheim, is due to begin talks in?
The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Dr. Kurt Waldheim, is due to begin talks in Capetown on March 6th with the South African government.
The discussions will be limited to the future of Southwest Africa - known in the United Nations as Namibia.
The resolution calling on the Secretary-General to make contact with South Africa was passed at the meeting of the Security Council held in Addis Ababa late in January.
It will be the first time a Secretary-General of the United Nations has visited South Africa since the late Dag Hammarskjoeld went there in January 1961.
African nations, particularly, see the question of Namibia as urgent. Their view was expressed during the Security Council meeting in Addis Ababa by the Foreign Minister of Kenya, Dr. Njoroge Mungai:
South Africa has acknowledged the international character of Southwest Africa, but declined to accept a General Assembly decision which ended South Africa's mandate in 1966.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Dr. Waldheim, has welcomed the resolution of the Security Council calling on him to make contact with South Africa.
SYNOPSIS: The approaching visit to South Africa by the United Nations Secretary-General, Dr. Waldheim, is being widely hailed as a breakthrough in relations between the United Nations and South Africa. He is going to South Africa to discuss one topic only: Southwest Africa - known in the United Nations as Namibia.
Dr. Waldheim's trip comes as a result of a surprise resolution passed at the recent Security Council meeting in Addis Ababa. There - delegates authorised Dr. Waldheim to make contact with South Africa with a view to solving the namibia problem. African nations strongly supported the resolution - but speakers in the debate emphasised that in Africa particularly, the question of Namibia is considered urgent.
One speaker - Kenya's Foreign Minister, Dr. Mungai.
FIRST WORDS: "Mr. President, South African presence in Namibia.....
LAST WORDS: ... security are gravely threatened.
Windhoek is the largest city in Southwest Africa - a territory that is larger than Britain and France put together. South Africa has acknowledged the International character of the region - but refuses to accept the General Assembly resolution which ended its mandate over the territory in 1966.
Eighty per cent of the population of Southwest are Africans - and they live under the same Apartheid conditions as their fellows in South Africa.
The republic of South Africa is the strongest and richest in the continent of Africa.
Military parades like this, mark Republic Day - the anniversary of the proclamation of a Republic in 1961.
As it became a Republic, Mouth Africa decided to leave the Commonwealth - intent on pursuing its own policy of racial segregation both in South Africa and Namibia.
South Africa's Prime Minister, Mr. Vorsler, is the man Dr. Waldheim must negotiate with.
It will be the first time a United Nations Secretary-General has visited South Africa since Dag Hammarskjoeld went there a few months before it became a Republic in 1961.
Dr. Waldheim has no illusions about the nature of the talks ahead of him - but he considers it a step forward that the Security Council asked him to make the visit.
FIRST WORDS: "I think this is....
LAST WORDS: ....a great progress."