Philip Noel-Baker, 70-year-old British Labour M.P. and fervent champion of disarmament, was interviewed in London?
Philip Noel-Baker, 70-year-old British Labour M.P. and fervent champion of disarmament, was interviewed in London Nov.5 - shortly after he heard he had been awarded the 1959 Nobel Peace Prize..four days after his 70th birthday.
He will use the prize - worth about GBP15,300 - for "promoting the cause of disarmament through the United Nations Association here, and in other appropriate ways".
The Nobel committee of the Norwegian Storting Parliament followed custom in not giving reasons for the award. This is usually explained at the prize-giving ceremony, to be held in Oslo, Norway on December 10 - anniversary of the death of Swedish chemist and engineer, Alfred Nobel.
Mr. Noel-Baker held several Ministerial posts in the post-war Labour Government. He is former chairman of the Labour Party and one of the leading Socialist experts on international affairs. As a Quaker, he did not bear arms during World War One, but won military decorations for valour in leading the Friend's Ambulance Unit in France and Belgium.
He believes the honour has been conferred in recognition of his book "The Arms Race: A Programme for World Disarmament" published last year. This is the sixth book he has written on disarmament since 1925 and he considers it his best.
Within a few hours of learning of the award, Mr. Noel-Baker lost his seat in the Labour Party's "Shadow Cabinet". His age, coupled with the fact he had lost command of the House of Commons in big debates, was an obvious factor in deciding to pass him over. There can be little doubt that had the Award been known while still possible to vote for him, it might have made all the difference. He has been an elected member of the "Shadow" Cabinet continuously since 1951 when Labour went into opposition.