The industrialised countries of the West are facing a major fuel crisis. In all these?
The industrialised countries of the West are facing a major fuel crisis. In all these countries the future looks bleak for the motorist. This situation has ben mainly caused by the Arab cut-back on oil exports following the October War with Israel.
But it is not just fuel oil -- and therefore transport -- which will be affected.
The petrochemical industry in Britain consumes about seven per cent of all the country's oil imports. This total snarly eight million tons a year.
Petrochemical products are legion. They range from men-mae fibre to paints, cosmetics to records. This film examines some of the shortages which the western consumer will face as a result of the fall in oil imports.
SYNOPSIS: The industrialised countries of the West are facing a major fuel crisis. In all these countries the future looks bleak for the motorists. This situation has been manly caused by the Arab cut-back on oil exports following the October War with Israel. Previously, experts had been predicting the approach of a world energy crisis.
All forms of transport are affected. Some European airlines have had to cut some flights by half.
But the oil crisis will cause other shortages affecting everyone.
Crude oil is the petrochemical industry's raw material. And the petrochemical industry provides a vast range of products -- including the man-made fibre metrical from which these suits are made. Nylon, polyester and acrylic fibres are also derived from oil. So, nylon curtains like these may soon be in short supply.
Even stockings and tights may become hard to find ... or rise in price.
The cosmetic industry also relies heavily on petrochemical products as the basis for lipsticks, face creams and so on. Even the attractive plastic packing is oil-derived.
The pharmaceutical industry has grown increasingly reliant on distillates -- called 'intermediates' -- of crude oil as a basic raw material.
An enormous number of household products come form crude oil. In Britain, for example, some seven per cent of all oil imports is taken by the petrochemical industry. About eight million tons, which will go to make, among other things, plastic footballs.
In fact plastic are a major oil product. The bombing record industry is already feeling the pinch and U.S. companies have had to cut production by twenty per cent.
Bitumen -- used in road-surfacing -- is another essential material produced by the petrochemical industry. In Britain this accounts for two million tons of crude oil a year.
So motorists may run out of road, as well as petrol.
That's if he can afford to buy a car. An average family saloon contains between fifty and a hundred pounds weight of plastic. Tyres are also derived form crude oil. So are such things as rubber piping and window ceilings, paint and underseal. The oil shortage will affect the availability and price of almost everything the western consumer takes for granted.