Ocean archaeologists have been surveying the wreck of a warship which sank in 1862 during the civil war in the United States.
HAMPTON ROADS, VIRGINIA (VIA NBC (U):
OFF CAPE HATTERAS, NORTH CAROLINA:
GV PAN AND SV Diving ship; man at controls (2 shots)
TV ZOOM Submersible vessel in water with man in cockpit
GV Shot from submersible of sea surface and water as if descends
SV INTERIOR Submersible cockpit
GV Encrusted ship's anchor on sea bed
GVs Sea bed and plant life (2 shots)
GV Fish swim past remains of gun barrel
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Background: Ocean archaeologists have been surveying the wreck of a warship which sank in 1862 during the civil war in the United States. The "Monitor" sank in 73 metres (230 feet) of water off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. The disaster occurred after it gained fame in the battle of the Monitor and the Merrimack, between the states of the Union and the Confederacy, at Hampton Roads, Virginia, in March, 1862. The iron-clad "Monitor" was a technological innovation of its time and although the battle was indecisive, the battle boosted the morale of both navies. On August 21, a team of experts from the Federal Government and East Carolina University dives in a submersible craft to examine the "Monitor", rediscovered in 1973. The wreck had rotted too much to raise it to the surface, but on this occasion, the archaeologists hoped to recover the ship's anchor and other artifacts. The "Monitor" was the first of several such vessels to be built for the Union navy, and the design was copied in the late nineteenth century by the British. Among some 40 or so innovation was its armoured revolving turret. It was incorporated to enable the twin 280 millimetre (11 inch) cannons to be aimed while the ship was stationary. The innovative revolving turret -- which the divers hope to recover -- was protected with 20 centimetres (8 inches) of armour, and powered by steam.