One of the basic social units in the Malagasy Republic is the "Fokonolonal" - a communal grouping of workers.
GV ZOOM IN mountains with people digging irrigation canal
SV & CU People digging trench (3 shots)
LV Pipeline being prepared
SV Pipeline being laid
TV PAN group engaged in road building
CU People digging (2 shots)
CU People pounding rocks
SV People preparing road surface
SV People working
SV People moving soil
SV Truck along road
Initials AE/20.07 AE/20.22
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: One of the basic social units in the Malagasy Republic is the "Fokonolonal" - a communal grouping of workers. In pre-colonial days, the "Fokonolona" was one of the keystones of Malagasy society, but when the East African island was under European rule, it all but disappeared. "Foko" means "clan", and the "Fokonolona" basically was the part of a clan that lived in the same village and whose decisions were taken by family heads.
Now the "Fokonolonas" have been revived, and adapted to modern social needs. The Republic is working hard to become self-sufficient, and the efficient use of the island's manpower is a premium.
Although every "Fokonolona" is different, they all have common features, like group solidarity and similar internal organisations.
The communes are engaged in a variety of projects, which reflect various regional needs. Nearly all the island's eight million inhabitants live in rural areas, and are engaged in either farming or stock-breeding.
The present government, headed by General Ramanantsoa, is keen to see these communal groups grow in importance, and soon hopes that the "Fokonolonas" will be able to have complete control of the projects they undertake and the revenue earned from their work.