• Short Summary

    Pro-Hindi agitation started in June by Hindus in Punjab, organised by Arya Samaj sect under the auspices of Hindi RakshaSamiti and later also joined by Sanatanist sect taking a wider shape under the auspices of Central Hindi RakshaSamiti, a body formed in Delhi, is the movement against Punjab Government's decision of Gurmukhi (Punjabi language with its own script) as a compulsory subject for students from the start of school and for the government departments, as the provincial language and script, though Hindi which under the Indian Constitution, has the place of the National Language and Script to be learnt by all Indians side by side with their regional languages, has not been excluded from the overall study courses of schools and colleges in Punjab.

  • Description


    Reel No. 1.



    Deals with the shots of batches of demonstrators arriving at railway stations, and going on the roads in processions.



    Reel No. 2. Deals with rallies of the agitators



    Last 20 feet on this reel is the coverage of P.M.Nehru arrived back from the Commonwealth Conference and being garlanded at the Palam Airport-This was taken as a protection, fearing some Hind Agitator group might spear there too- but nothing happened.



    Reel No. 3 The action at Chandigarh


    1.
    MS The procession of demonstrators going through the streets of Chandigarh.


    2.
    MS Ditto


    3.
    DS Another procession in another street of Chandigarh


    4.
    MS Same as shot no. 3


    5.
    MS Women demonstrators shouting slogans


    6.
    LMS Police force outside the government secretariat


    7.
    MS Six or seven Sadhus squatting in front of the secretariat and on a ground across the road. They are chanting Mantras


    8.
    MS Same as shot No. 7


    9.
    MS police constables and officers outside the secretariat building


    10.
    MS Sadhus reciting Mantras, the police force in the background is a cardon against demonstrators breaking through there


    11.
    LS Flag flying on the secretariat building fenced alround by barbed wires and policemen guarding, standing upon the wall


    12.
    LMS Some demonstrations rounded up by police, are sitting on the road while their leader is addressing


    13.
    LS Very large police guarding the secretariat



    Reel No. 4.


    1.
    MS The demonstrators arrive outside the secretariat, shouting pro-Hindi slogans


    2.
    LMS The demonstrators are cordoning the gate of the secretariat from the demonstrator whose leader is shouting slogans


    3.
    MS Women demonstrators shouting slogans


    4.
    LMS Police arresting the demonstrators who are blocking the road and lift them away


    5.
    MS Another demonstrator being lifted away


    6.
    MCS A young boy along with a crowd, shouting slogans


    7.
    MS The demonstrators are lying down, blocking the road


    8.
    MS Policemen lifting away a couple of demonstrators\


    9.
    ???S Crowds watching the struggle of demonstrators with the police


    10.
    LS Crowds watching the struggle


    11.
    LS A building for the government secretariat, not yet complete.


    12.
    LS A row of quarters where the pleaders and barristers are housed


    13.
    LS Bungalows for ministers


    14.
    MS A couple Sikhs



    Some location scenes of Chandigarh, a perfectly new town built by a French architect. The town is still being developed. Its present population must be about 15000, mostly government servants



    Some location scenes of Chandigarh, a new town built by a French architect. The town is still being developed. Its present population must be about 15000, mostly government servants




    Initials


    Note They are permanently there, day and night, as one of the highlights of the agitation, which is participated in by a lot of Sadhus as they say, it is non-political and only for the protection of Hindi.
    Please note, it is not concerned with this story

    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: Pro-Hindi agitation started in June by Hindus in Punjab, organised by Arya Samaj sect under the auspices of Hindi RakshaSamiti and later also joined by Sanatanist sect taking a wider shape under the auspices of Central Hindi RakshaSamiti, a body formed in Delhi, is the movement against Punjab Government's decision of Gurmukhi (Punjabi language with its own script) as a compulsory subject for students from the start of school and for the government departments, as the provincial language and script, though Hindi which under the Indian Constitution, has the place of the National Language and Script to be learnt by all Indians side by side with their regional languages, has not been excluded from the overall study courses of schools and colleges in Punjab. Historically, Gurmukhi which was introduced by Sikh Prophet Guru Nanak as an easier medium for learning everything including religion and philosophy all the ten Gurus of Sikhs recorded their own teachings and those of several other holy teachers in any easy form in this script in the dark days when Hindu religion was at the stake of perishing at the hands of Muslims in the Moghul period. Not many Hindu in the region were able to read Hindi. Sikh Gurus were born in Hindus but a sect was formed to intervene between Hindus and Muslims to unite them. Sikhs no doubt remained as a separate sect and a separate religion, ultimately causing disagreements between Hindus and Sikhs. So, Hindus consider the compulsory Gurumukhi as that which belongs to Sikhs and want Hindi to be the script for Punjabi language and started right from the primary education of the school children and Gurumukhi as a secondary subject at option.

    At present the demonstrations are held only in Chandigarh, the Capital of Punjab, the groups of demonstrations drawn from mainly Punjab though sometime small batches from Hindispeaking states also come to be included. The situation at these demonstrations invariably gets rather tense but the leaders of the agitators and the police officers have so far been controlling it. The demonstrators tactics are to try to break cordons and enter the government secretariat which in under ban or to sit down on the road outside and break the road law. The police ask them to clear and in defiance drag them out or to the police vans in which they take them away and leave them at far distance. Newspaper reports through which more light on the affair, can be had are enclosed. The film shows as under:-

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAEEP52N2TE12AWHH9YK1MZGJEP
    Media URN:
    VLVAEEP52N2TE12AWHH9YK1MZGJEP
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    20/07/1957
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    MXF
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:04:24:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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