• Short Summary

    Pro-Hindi agitation started in June by Hindus in Punjab, organised by Arya Samaj sect under the auspices of Hindi RakshaSamiti and later also joined by Sanatanist sect taking a wider shape under the auspices of Central Hindi RakshaSamiti, a body formed in Delhi, is the movement against Punjab Government's decision of Gurmukhi (Punjabi language with its own script) as a compulsory subject for students from the start of school and for the government departments, as the provincial language and script, though Hindi which under the Indian Constitution, has the place of the National Language and Script to be learnt by all Indians side by side with their regional languages, has not been excluded from the overall study courses of schools and colleges in Punjab.

  • Description

    Pro-Hindi agitation started in June by Hindus in Punjab, organised by Arya Samaj sect under the auspices of Hindi RakshaSamiti and later also joined by Sanatanist sect taking a wider shape under the auspices of Central Hindi RakshaSamiti, a body formed in Delhi, is the movement against Punjab Government's decision of Gurmukhi (Punjabi language with its own script) as a compulsory subject for students from the start of school and for the government departments, as the provincial language and script, though Hindi which under the Indian Constitution, has the place of the National Language and Script to be learnt by all Indians side by side with their regional languages, has not been excluded from the overall study courses of schools and colleges in Punjab. Historically, Gurmukhi which was introduced by Sikh Prophet Guru Nanak as an easier medium for learning everything including religion and philosophy all the ten Gurus of Sikhs recorded their own teachings and those of several other holy teachers in any easy form in this script in the dark days when Hindu religion was at the stake of perishing at the hands of Muslims in the Moghul period. Not many Hindu in the region were able to read Hindi. Sikh Gurus were born in Hindus but a sect was formed to intervene between Hindus and Muslims to unite them. Sikhs no doubt remained as a separate sect and a separate religion, ultimately causing disagreements between Hindus and Sikhs. So, Hindus consider the compulsory Gurumukhi as that which belongs to Sikhs and want Hindi to be the script for Punjabi language and started right from the primary education of the school children and Gurumukhi as a secondary subject at option.

    At present the demonstrations are held only in Chandigarh, the Capital of Punjab, the groups of demonstrations drawn from mainly Punjab though sometime small batches from Hindispeaking states also come to be included. The situation at these demonstrations invariably gets rather tense but the leaders of the agitators and the police officers have so far been controlling it. The demonstrators tactics are to try to break cordons and enter the government secretariat which in under ban or to sit down on the road outside and break the road law. The police ask them to clear and in defiance drag them out or to the police vans in which they take them away and leave them at far distance. Newspaper reports through which more light on the affair, can be had are enclosed. The film shows as under:-

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAEEP52N2TE12AWHH9YK1MZGJEP
    Media URN:
    VLVAEEP52N2TE12AWHH9YK1MZGJEP
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    20/07/1957
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:04:24:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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