Johannesburg, Sept 30, was the scene for the second time in three days of open clashes over the issue of the forthcoming Oct 5 republic referendum, when a crowded anti-republican meeting called by Opposition leader Sir De Villiers Graaff ended in a street fight.
TV. Crowd outside City Hall.
SV. PAN. Massed crowd.
SV. Various posters.
GV. Huge crowd in street.
SV. Sir De Villiers Graaff mounts platform amid cheers.
TV. Huge crowd.
STV. Crowd listen.
CU. Sir De Villiers addresses crowd.
LV. People applaud
LV. Leaflets falling over crowd.
SV. People crowding round Sir De Villiers.
STV. Skirmish between police and crowd.
STV. Crowd is pushed back.
CU. Policemen amongst crowd.
STV. People skirmishing.
SV. People looking on from roof.
STV. PAN. Ambulance trying to get through.
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Background: Johannesburg, Sept 30, was the scene for the second time in three days of open clashes over the issue of the forthcoming Oct 5 republic referendum, when a crowded anti-republican meeting called by Opposition leader Sir De Villiers Graaff ended in a street fight. Disturbances were sparked off in the city, Sept 28, as the Congress of Democrats - a small party formed after the ban on the South African Communists - denounced Prime Minister Verwoerd.
All traffic in Johannesburg was disrupted in the centre of Johannesburg, Sept 30, while thousands clustered around the City Hall, listening to Sir De Villiers Graaff during its last big meeting in an urban area before the referendum . Crowds were even denser than at his rallies in Cape Town and Durban.
Speaking against Dr. Verwoerd's plan for a South African republic divorced from the British Crown, in terms well-known by now from former meetings, Sir De Villiers was greeted by repeated shouts of "No" whenever he made a point against the republic. There were a few isolated cries of "Yes", but there was no organised heckling
As the meeting broke up a scuffle developed at a nearby street corner. Hundreds of people gathered round opposing groups shouting "Yes" and "No" at one another and ugly scenes followed. More than 20 policemen linked arms across the street, trying to keep the two groups apart. Then an ambulance drop up for someone who had been taken ill at the rally, the police saw their chance to regroup and eased the warring factions away from each other.