Twenty-two countries in Africa, Asia, Central and South America and Europe are represented in a course in groundwater research at Israel's Hebrew University.
GV Jerusalem University
LV INT Lecturer in front of class (2 shots)
SV PAN International students taking notes
SCU Nigerian student sitting next to Korean
CU Students form Mexico, rumania and Zambia
LV Lecture in progress
CU English student looks at rock samples
LV Students carrying equipment to site on field trip near Jericho
SV & CU Students around measuring instrument (4 shots)
LV & CU Man walks off carrying marking; wire unrolls form drum (2 shots)
CU Student indicates position for electrodes (steel nails)
SV & CU Students hammering in electrodes and connecting up wires (4 shots)
Initials ESP/1535 ESP/1613
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Background: Twenty-two countries in Africa, Asia, Central and South America and Europe are represented in a course in groundwater research at Israel's Hebrew University. The six-month course aims at giving students a thorough and practical knowledge of the exploitation and development of groundwater resources (mainly underground water supplies). Most of the students are engineers or geologists from developing countries.
The theoretical part of the course is taught at Israel's Hebrew University's Groundwater Research Centre at Jerusalem, while practical knowledge is gained on field trips in various parts of Israel.
Israel, because of the desert nature of mush of the country, has acquired considerable expertise in the subject of groundwater resources.
SYNOPSIS: Students form more than twenty countries began a course in Israel in December to study the development of ground water resources. Thirty students, most of them engineers or geologists from developing countries, are taking lessons in theory at the Hebrew University at Jerusalem.
The course is sponsored by the United Nations's agency for education, cultural and scientific mattes - UNESCO. Subjects studied included prospecting for underground water resources and the effects of geology on the behaviour of water.
The knowledge of geological formations and various types of rock and soil are important in locating underground water.
During the intensive six month course, the students take part in field trips to interesting geological sites. Here, near Jericho, they were shown a modern technique for detecting geological formations likely to hold water.
This method used the flow of electrical current through the ground to identify different types of soil and rook. Israel's expertise on the search for and exploitation of water resources is more advanced than in most countries. The barren nature of much of the land forced the Israelis to develop sophisticated techniques. The course are Hebrew University is the sixth in groundwater research offered to international students.