Mr. Fidel Castro become the Prime Minister of Cuba in 1959 when he overthrow the?
Mr. Fidel Castro become the Prime Minister of Cuba in 1959 when he overthrow the regime of President Batiste to become the youngest leader the country had ever known.
As a committed Marxist and revolutionary, one of his first acts was to align the Caribbean island with the Soviet Union -- a relationship which later was to kindle the most serous international crisis since the Second World War.
Dr. Castro as born Fidel Castro Rus on August 13, 1927, the son of a wealthy sugar planter. His fortunate circumstance enabled him to study social sciences, civil law, diplomacy and public administration at the University of Havana. But even when he became a qualified lawyer, Fidel castro never forgot those less fortunate than himself -- a characteristic that eventually led him into politics as a parliamentary candidate for the Cuban People's Party.
When elections were cancelled by General Batista's coup d'etat in 1952, however. Castro went underground with a band of young rebels who tried unsuccessfully to provoke an uprising a year later. As a result, Fidel and his brother, Reoul, were given 15 year prison sentences. A political amnesty in 1955 out short their sentences.
Only a year after the was freed, Castro launched a second -- and equally unsuccessful -- assault on the Batiste regime when he sailed with 80 armed men for Cuba from Mexico. There were only 12 survivors, including the Castro brother,s and they escaped to the jungle-like territory of the Sierrs Maestro where they formed the headquarters of what they called the"26th of July Movement" in memory of those killed in the 1953 attempt.
By 1959, the band of rebels had become a guerrilla force to be reckoned with, and several thousand of them met in a full-scale clash with government troops once again. But this time, Castro emerged victorious, with President Batiste escaping hurriedly to the Dominican Republic.
A year later, Castro was in New York for the opening of the 15th session of the United Notions to discuses the Congo crisis. So was Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschev, who paid a surprise visit to Castro -- by then staying in Harlem, whore ho thought the black population would be more sympathetic to the Cuban Revolution.
Cuba, a growing band of Cuban exiles were strongly opposed to his: in ???, 1,400 of them attempted to invade the Island at the ???ay of ???. Castro however, p???nally led his ??? against the inva??? ??? mission completely.
Meanwhile, Cuba's friendship with the Soviet Union was ripening. And soviet aid took the form of missile bases on the island -- a factor which caused the Untied States to blockade Cuba in 1962. Direct correspondence between the late U.S. President John F.Kennedy and Mr. K???hchev averted the threat of war. And finally, the miesil??? were discounted and shipped back to the Soviet Union -- but not until the U.S./called up 150,000 army reservists and poured reinforcements into ??? Florida.
Castro gradually extended his revolutionary ambitions to South America, releasing one of his chief lieutenants, Che Guevara, for this work. But after a seven-month guerilla campaign in Bolivia, Che was killed on October 9, 1967 to become a revolutionary martyr the woull ???.
Dr. Castro maintained his popularity despite growing internal problems. In July 1970 he surprised his supporters by offering to resign -- blaming his own inefficiencies for all the setbacks to the island nation's industry and economy. But despite his grim warnings of hardship for all, and the offer of a replacement, a crowd of 200,000 responded with prolonged applause -- and Fidel castro remained the Prime Minister.
In November last year, he paid a ten day official visit to Chile at the invitation of his fellow Marxist, President Salvador Allende, It was his first visit outside Cuba for eight years, and it sparked off a round of visits to other countries. Six month later, Castro embarked on his longest absence Zrom Cuba since he assumed power, touring ??? African and East European countries for two months.
Everywhere he went he received and enthusiastic welcome. In Algeria, he healed the discord between the two nations and President ???wari Boumedienne paid him the unprecedented compliment of accompanying him for five day of his tour. And in Eastern Europe the scene war the same -- massive crowds, warm welcomes -- and strengthened ties with the socialist camp.