• Short Summary

    PROTESTS AT THE RUSSIAN DECISION TO END ITS PRESENT SERIES OF NUCLEAR TESTS WITH THE EXPLOSION OF A 50-MEGATON BOMB - THE EQUIVALENT OF 50 MILLION TONS OF T.

  • Description

    1.
    LV RITCHIE CALDER SEATED. (WSILENT).
    0.04

    2.
    CU RITCHIE CALDER...SILENT.
    0.06


    SOF STARTS: "WHAT EFFORT WOULD YOU EXPECT.........." SOF ENDS:.........THANK YOU PROFESSOR.
    2.00


    TRANSCRIPT: SEQ. 2: INTERVIEWER: "WHAT EFFECTS WOULD YOU EXPECT FROM THE EXPLOSION OF A FIFTY-MEGATON BOMB IN THE ATMOSPHERE?"



    CALDER: "TERRIFIC EFFECT - FIRST OF ALL THERE WILL BE THE PHYSICAL EFFECT WHICH WOULD BE ANYTHING FROM TWO TO THREE TIMES ANYTHING WE HAVE HAD UP TO NOW. THE BLAST EFFECT, WHICH MAY EFFECT PEOPLE AROUND THE PARTS...I MEAN THE REMOTE PARTS, WOULD BE TREMENDOUS. BUT THEN YOU HAVE GOT THIS TERRIFIC MUSHROOM OF FIFTY MILLION TON OF T.N.T EQUIVALENT GOING UP THROUGH THE ATMOSPHERE, PUNCHING A HOLE THROUGH THE ATMOSPHERE INTO THE STRATOSPHERE PUSHING IT UP THERE IN THE ATTIC TO BEM STORED THERE AND TO COME BACK AS CONDENSED MATERIAL RADIOACTIVE ELEMENTS INTO OUR FOOD SUPPLIES ALL OVER THE WORLD. THIS OF COURSE IS A TREMENDOUS RISK AND I SUGGEST IN EVERY SENSE IT'S A RISK. BUT THE RISK, THE ADDITIONAL RISK OF COURSE, IS THE ENORMOUS AMOUNT OF RADIOACTIVITY WHICH WILL BE RELEASED IN ONE GO.



    WE'VE HAD THIS SPREAD OVER FOURTEEN YEARS NOW OF TESTING AND HERE IN ONE GO YOU ARE GOING TO HAVE THIS ENORMOUS AMOUNT WHICH WILL IN FACT SPREAD, AS I SAY, ALL OVER THE WORLD WITH VERY DANGEROUS ELEMENTS INVOLVED, RADIO STRONTIUM, RADIO CAESIUM, ALL KINDS OF RADIOACTIVITY WHICH WILL EVENTUALLY GET INTO OUR FOOD SUPPLIES NO MATTER WHERE WE ARE. EVEN IF WE ARE IN THE HEART OF THE MATO GROSSO JUNGLE IN SOUTH AMERICA IT WILL BE THERE. BUT ABOVE ALL, IT WILL GET BACK INTO THE ATMOSPHERE OF THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE INCLUDING OUR...BRITAIN AND CANADA, IN EUROPE AND IN FACT IN KRUSCIA ITSELF."



    INTERVIEWER: "THANK YOU PROFESSOR."




    Initials DD/V/JH/MMcG



    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: PROTESTS AT THE RUSSIAN DECISION TO END ITS PRESENT SERIES OF NUCLEAR TESTS WITH THE EXPLOSION OF A 50-MEGATON BOMB - THE EQUIVALENT OF 50 MILLION TONS OF T.N.T. - AT THE END OF THIS MOTH HAS LED TO PROTESTS FROM MANY PARTS OF THE WORLD. ON OCTOBER 19 VISNEWS SECURED AN EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW WITH PROFESSOR P. RITCHIE CALDER, THE 55-YEAR-OLD SCIENCE WRITER WHO HAS BEEN APPOINTED TO THE CHAIR OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AT EDINBURGH UNIVERSITY, FOR HIS VIEWS ON THE 50-MEGATON THREAT.

    THE DAY BEFORE THE VISNEWS INTERVIEW AT PROFESSOR CALDER'S SUPREY HOME, THE PRINCIPAL OF EDINBURGH UNIVERSITY, SIR EDWARD APPLETON, CONFERRED THE HONOURARY DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS ON HIM.

    PROFESSOR CALDER, WHO LEFT SCHOOL IN SCOTLAND AT THE AGE OF 15, IS THE FIRST MAN TO BECOME A PROFESSOR AT A BRITISH UNIVERSITY WITHOUT HAVING A UNIVERSITY EDUCATION. MARRIED WITH THREES SONS AND TWO DAUGHTERS, HE WAS A SCIENCE CORRESPONDENT ON THREE NATIONAL NEWSPAPERS.

    AFTER THE WAR, IN WHICH HE SERVED IN THE FOREIGN OFFICE, HE WAS MADE A COMMANDER OF THE ORDER OF BRITISH EMPIRE (C.B.E.). SHORTLY AFTERWARDS IN 1946, HE WAS A MEMBER OF THE BRITISH DELEGATION TO THE UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION IN PARIS AND THE FOLLOWING YEAR IN MEXICO. HE WAS WRITTEN A NUMBER OF BOOKS ON THE WORK OF UNITED NATIONS ORGANISATIONS, I INCLUDING THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION AND THE FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL ORGANISATION. IN MARCH HE RECEIVED THE KALINGA PRIZE FOR THE POPULARISATION OF SCIENCE FROM U.N.E.S.C.O. WORTH GBP1,000. THE PRIZE IS NAMED AFTER THE INDIAN VILLAGE OF THE DONOR, MR. B. PAPNYAK.

    ON JANUARY 9TH, 1960, HE BECAME VICE CHAIRMAN OF BRITAIN CAMPAIGN FOR NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAEBA7V6JEZ9N2UBB89F1U8X0N4
    Media URN:
    VLVAEBA7V6JEZ9N2UBB89F1U8X0N4
    Group:
    Reuters - Including Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    20/10/1961
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:02:00:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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