In jerusalem, the Israeli population spent Thursday (4 May) observing Holocaust Day--the annual commemoration of the six million Jews killed by the Nazis in World War Two.
SV: Troops stand to attention and lower Israeli flag.
GV ZOOM IN TO SV: Audience awaiting service.
SCU: Holocaust Memorial, Jerusalem.
SV PAN: Troops standing to attention as Deputy Prime Minister Yigael Yadin speaks and others listen. (3 SHOTS)
SV: Torches being lit at memorial at Tel Itzhak as crowd look on. (4 SHOTS)
SV: Children walking carrying Israeli flags.
SV & GV: Chief-of-Staff Raphael Etan speaking as audience look on. (3 SHOTS)
GV ZOOM IN TO CU: People lighting torches. (2 SHOTS)
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Background: In jerusalem, the Israeli population spent Thursday (4 May) observing Holocaust Day--the annual commemoration of the six million Jews killed by the Nazis in World War Two.
SYNOPSIS: In the ancient city and elsewhere in Israel, cafes, bars and theatres were closed and only mournful music was played on the radio. At eight in the morning Israeli flags were lowered, traffic halted and the nation observed two minutes silence in memory of victims of the death camps.
The principle ceremony took place at Jerusalem's Holocaust Memorial. Soldiers stood guard at the memorial flame and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. "Kaddish" -- the prayer for the dead, as well as "El Mahleh Rakhamin" -- God is full of Mercy -- were recited and chanted. In a statement at the ceremony Israel's Deputy Prime Minister Yigael Yadin said Israel would continue to fight existing Nazi movements and other anti-semitic enemies.
At another memorial at Tel Itzhak, near Netanya, six torches were lit -- one for each million Jews killed by the Nazis. The day also marked the 35th anniversary of the Warsaw ghetto uprising in which Polish Jews flung themselves at German Forces in a hopeless battle. This aspect of the observance has been increasingly stressed in recent years in response to the criticisms of younger Israelis who ask why their elders went in such docile fashion to the slaughter. The exploits of the Warsaw Jews were cited as an example of other unremembered episodes of resistance on the road to the gas chambers. To emphasise this aspect, the occasion has in recent years been renamed 'Holocaust and Heroes Day". The observance underlines the profound effect World War Two memories still have on Israelis.