Millions of workers observed a one-day general strike throughout Italy yesterday (Wednesday). In Milan a?
GV PAN near deserted railway station at Turin
Gv Desolate railway yard
GV Closed business premises (2 shots)
GV Strikers with banners
SV Onlookers PAN to strikers
CU Newspaper headline "Sciopero Generale!"
GV PAN strikers marching down road (2 shots)
LV & CU Policeman on point duty
GV PAN deserted factory entrance
SV PAN security man on gate
SV Litter in gutter
CU ZOOM BACK police car outside Fiat works
CU Front of Fiat works
GV Gates of works
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Background: Millions of workers observed a one-day general strike throughout Italy yesterday (Wednesday). In Milan a policeman was killed during violent clashes with strikers while Turin was quiet with factories, businesses and railway stations deserted.
In most of Italy the strike went off peacefully, but in Milan iron bars and cobble stones were used by student and worker demonstrators in a three-hour-battle with police in which 22-year-old policeman, Antonio Annarunna, was fatally wounded and 56 policemen injured. Italian Prime Minister Mariano Rumor stood vigil for 20 minutes today (Thursday) beside the body of the dead policeman. Groups of mutinous police in Milan reported to have rebelled against their role in the fighting and fought loyalist police in the police barracks.
The one-day stoppage comes after months of labour unrest in Italy. It was the third stoppage of its kind this year. Italian went without fresh bread, milk, mail and newspapers, and transport and many businesses including the Turin Fiat plant were closed down.
Estimated cost of the strike to workers was a total 50,000 million lire (33 million sterling) and to the country as a whole 130,000 million lire (86 million sterling).
The unions are calling for a thorough and effective rent control system, a national town planning policy, the expropriation of land and State financing of Public housing schemes. The two earlier general strikes this year -- both in February -- were also to back demands for Government action on social issues. They succeeded in obtaining better pensions and the abolition of regional differences in wage rates. Unions rejected a Government emergency housing scheme offer yesterday.