The small South American Republic of Uruguay is in a virtual state of siege as the Government declared all-out was on the Tupamaro urban guerrillas who have been bringing the country to a state of chaos with robberies, kidnappings murders and bombings.
LV Police car & crowd
SV Car with smashed windows
LV Troops outside house
LV & SV Troops enter house (2 shots)
LV & SV Covered bodies in street (3 shots)
SV INT. Govt. House, Ministers including Gen. Magnani leave building & into car (2 shots)
Initials SGM/0054 SGM/0036
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Background: The small South American Republic of Uruguay is in a virtual state of siege as the Government declared all-out was on the Tupamaro urban guerrillas who have been bringing the country to a state of chaos with robberies, kidnappings murders and bombings.
The final straw came on Friday (April 14), when a series of bloody clashes ended with 12 dead - a former Interior Secretary, Armando Acosta y Lara; a Naval Lieutenant; and two policemen on the one side; and eight Tupamaros - including a founder of the Movement, Jorge Candall Grajalas, and two women - on the guerrilla side. Our film was taken just after these shooting incidents, and shows some of the dead Tupamaros and the search for others.
President Juan Maria Bordaberry - a hard-line anti-Communist committed to routing out the Tupamaros - called an emergency session of Parliament, asking them to recognise " a state of internal war" and requesting special powers to combat the guerrillas. Although he - and his ruling Colorado Party - wanted a 90-day licence to carry out the search and capture of the Tupamaros, they were only granted 30 days, after the opposition Blanco Party voted for the measures but against the extended time period. Voting against the special powers act were the minority "Broad Front" coalition of Communists, Socialists and smaller groups - which had been supported by the Tupamaros in last November's elections, in which the Front came a trailing third If they so joined, the Blancos and the Front together could outvote the ruling Colorados in Parliament.
The Interior and Defence Minister, General Enrique Magnani (shown in our film leaving Government House after a meeting), said yesterday (Saturday): "We did not cast the first stone - we were fired on and, in fact, hostilities have begun".
SYNOPSIS: Montevideo - the capital of Uruguay - like the rest of the country, in a state of virtual siege following a Government declaration of war on the activities of the Tupamaros, the urban guerrillas who have brought the small South American republic to the brink of chaos with bombings, kidnappings, murders and robberies.
The last straw came on Friday - when a series of shooting incidents resulted in a death toll of twelve. A former Interior secretary, a naval lieutenant and two policemen machine-gunned down by guerrillas; and eight Tupamaros - including a founder of the Movement and two women - shot by troops and police in ensuing attacks. The bodies of some of the guerrillas lie in the street shortly after one of the shootings. The following day, President Bordaberry - a hard-liner committed to routing out the Tupamaros - obtained special powers from an emergency session of Parliament, declaring internal war against the guerrillas for a period of thirty days.
Following a meeting at Government House on Friday, Minister of the Interior and Defence General Magnani - seen leaving - said: "We did not cast the first stone - we were fired on and, in fact, hostilities have begun".