• Short Summary

    TWENTY-FIVE MILES FROM THE HAGUE IN NORTH SEA, A SWISS-DEVELOPED, GERMAN-MADE PRODUCT FOR COMBATING OIL SLICKS AT SEA WAS DEMONSTRATED BY THE DUTCH MINISTRY OF WATERWORKS TO OBSERVERS AND OFFICIALS FROM PUBLIC AND PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL CONCERNS.

  • Description

    TWENTY-FIVE MILES FROM THE HAGUE IN NORTH SEA, A SWISS-DEVELOPED, GERMAN-MADE PRODUCT FOR COMBATING OIL SLICKS AT SEA WAS DEMONSTRATED BY THE DUTCH MINISTRY OF WATERWORKS TO OBSERVERS AND OFFICIALS FROM PUBLIC AND PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL CONCERNS. ABOUT 10 TONS OF CRUDE OIL WERE FIRST PUMPED INTO THE WATER AND THEN THE SPECIAL PASTE -- AT 3,000 DEGREES CENTIGRADE (5,432 FAHRENHEIT) -- DROPPED ON THE OIL, IGNITING IT ON CONTACT. THE PASTE AND OIL BURN OUT TOGETHER.

    THE PROBLEM OF SEA OIL POLLUTION HAS GROWN INCREASINGLY IN THE LAST FEW YEARS AND WAS BROUGHT DRAMATICALLY TO A FORE IN MARCH 1967 WHEN THE TORREY CANYON WENT AGROUND ON A REEF OFF THE SOUTHWEST COAST OF BRITAIN, SPEWING OUT THOUSANDS OF TONS OF OIL WHICH FOULED BEACHES IN ENGLAND AND FRANCE. BUT, ACCIDENTS APART, IT IS ESTIMATED THAT MORE THAN A QUARTER OF A MILLION TONS OF WASTE OIL ARE DUMPED INTO THE SEA EACH YEAR -- MAINLY BY OIL TANKERS WASHING OUT THEIR TANKS BEFORE LOADING NEW DELIVERIES. AND, TAKING INTO CONSIDERATION THE FACT THAT ABOUT A HALF OF THE WORLD'S SEA TRADE CARGO IS ACCOUNTED FOR BY CRUDE AND REFINED OIL SHIPMENTS, THIS DUMPING HAS BECOME A MATTER OF STRONG INTERNATIONAL ACTION.

    THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON OIL POLLUTION -- ADOPTED IN 1954 AND AMENDED IN 1962 -- IS STILL CONSIDERED TO HAVE MANY LOOPHOLES AND DEMANDS FOR ITS REVISION ARE BEING CONSIDERED. IN THE MEANTIME, VARIOUS ORGANISATIONS ARE TAKING MEASURES -- SUCH AS LAST YEAR'S RESOLUTION BY THE UNITED NATIONS' MARITIME SAFETY COMMITTEE OF THE INTER-GOVERNMENTAL MARITIME CONSULTATIVE ORGANISATION (I.M.C.O.), WHICH CALLS FOR LARGE-SCALE "SPYING" BY SHIPS AND AIRCRAFT, ENCOURAGING THEM TO REPORT AND, IF POSSIBLE, PHOTOGRAPH SHIPS DISCHARGING OIL AT SEA. ALSO, SINCE 1964, THE BIG OIL FIRMS -- SUCH AS SHELL, BRITISH PETROLEUM AND ESSO -- ADOPTED A SPECIAL CLEANSING SYSTEM FOR THE FUEL TANKS TO AVOID DUMPING OIL; BUT MANY SMALLER CONCERNS HAVE NOT FOLLOWED SUIT, AND IT IS ESTIMATED THAT ABOUT 25 PERCENT OF SEA-BORNE CRUDE OIL IS BEING CARRIED BY THESE.

    THE CURRENT NORTH SEA TRIALS ARE THE FIRST TO BE CARRIED OUT ON SUCH A SCALE. THE MANNESMAN WORKS OF GERMANY, WHO MAKE THE PATE UNDER A WORLD LICENCE, FEEL THAT IT WOULD BE PARTICULARLY USEFUL IN A CASE OF ACCIDENT -- SUCH AS THE TORREY CANYON -- WHEN THE PASTE COULD BE RAPIDLY TAKEN TO THE ACCIDENT AND DROPPED, MAKING THE OIL BURN OUT BEFORE IT HAS A CHANCE TO DISSEMINATE OVER TOO WIDE AN AREA. ONCE THE PASTE HAS BURNT OUT, THERE IS NOTHING LEFT OF THE OIL -- THE ONLY DISADVANTAGE BEING THAT ANY FISH OR BIRD CAUGHT IN THE OIL WOULD ALSO BE BURNED.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAE35VUZA7AVOIIKVKN2ACNFKMB
    Media URN:
    VLVAE35VUZA7AVOIIKVKN2ACNFKMB
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    02/07/1969
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:01:17:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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