• Short Summary

    This footage was shot September 10-12, 1975, at Grafenwohr, West Germany.

    This coverage is of Nishan?

  • Description

    This footage was shot September 10-12, 1975, at Grafenwohr, West Germany.

    This coverage is of Nishan '75, a CENTO (Central Treaty Organisation) small arms exercise which was hosted by the United States at Grafenwohr Training Centre in West Germany.

    NISHAN is a common word meaning AIM and SIGHT in Urdu (Pakistan); Pharsi (Iran), and Turkish. The first Competition was held in Iran in 1964. The location is rotated in alphabetical order of member nations. The five CENTO nations are Iran, Pakistan, Turkey, United Kingdom, and the United States. The U. S. has hosted the competition twice previously -- in 1967 and again in 1971. This year the competition was changed from small arms competition to squad competition and was conducted as a pilot exercise to demonstrate new training concepts. Accordingly, there was not an official competition in 1975, and only participation awards were given to each nations' participants.

    The new Nishan tests the physical and marksmanship skills of an average infantry squad under simulated combat conditions. Physical stamina/fitness and firing accuracy/distribution are measured during a 1-hour, 8 kilometre march, a four-barrier obstacle course, and four phases of offensive/defensive firing. The obstacle course consists of a three-and-a-half-meter-high wall, a twenty-meter-long low-wire entanglement, four horizontal beams, and a tow-meter-deep pit.

    This year the exercise Nishan '75 took place on Range 10 of Grafenwohr Training Centre in Western Germany. The opening ceremonies took place on the afternoon of 10 September when LTG Kenneth B. Cooper, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of USAREUR (U. S. Army Europe) and 7th Army, welcomed the participants of the event.

    The 46th Infantry, 1st Armoured Division, was responsible for overseeing the event from start to finish but did not compete in the exercise. Match Director for the 1975 exercise was BG Elton J. DeLaune, Jr., Assistant 1st Armoured Division Commander. One squad from B Company, 1st Bn, 4th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division represented the United States.

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    Reuters - Source to be Verified
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