President Ibrahim Al-Hamdi of the North Yemen, who was assassinated with his brother in the Capital, Sanaa, on Tuesday night (11 October), came to power in 1974 in a bloodless coup.
SV INTERIOR: President Bakr greeting North Yemeni President Col. Hamdi.
SV: Bakr and Hamdi entering room.
SV: diplomats look on as Hamdi and Bakr sit down (2 shots)
LV AND CU: Hamdi seated with President
SV: Bakr officials seated and Bakr PAN TO Hamdi (2 shots)
GV: King Hussein's Palace in Jordan.
SV: King Hussein greeting Hamdi from car.
GV: chandelier inside palace.
LV: Hussein and Hamdi sitting with other delegates at conference table. (3 shots)
SV: President Hamdi stepping off plane in Peking and being greeted by Chairman Hua Kuo-feng.
SV: Hamdi and Hua review guard of honour (3 shots)
SV: young girls waving flowers as Hamdi and Hua walk across tarmac (5 shots)
SV INTERIOR: Prime Minister of North Yemen Abdel Ghani seated with King Khalid in London hospital PAN TO other ministers.
CU PAN FROM: King Khalid TO Abdel-Ghani.
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Background: President Ibrahim Al-Hamdi of the North Yemen, who was assassinated with his brother in the Capital, Sanaa, on Tuesday night (11 October), came to power in 1974 in a bloodless coup. Aged only 31, he had a military background having joined the army when he was 19. His declared aims were to bring about true parliamentary democracy through free elections, to unite his tribally-divided country and to bring one of the world's poorest countries into the 20th Century.
SYNOPSIS: North Yemen's most pressing need was financial assistance and in 1975 President Hamdi went to Iraq to have talks with President Ahmed Hassan Al-Bakr in Baghdad. The two countries pledged to keep backing the palestinian struggle for the liberation of Palestine, but more importantly for North Yemen, Iraq promised it economic aid. Financing from Saudi Arabia too allowed President Hamdi to plan improvements to his country's economy, social services and internal communications. He paid visits to other countries to discuss Arab solidarity.
President Hamdi visited the Royal Palace in Jordan, also in 1975, to discuss closer bilateral relations between the two countries. King Hussein decorated him with the Order of the Renaissance and received from the North Yemeni leader the Order of Marib - First Class. President Hamdi flew on to similar discussions in Syria, Bahrain and Iran. But back in North Yemen he was finding his aims difficult to achieve. Tribal problems led him to declare that it did not serve the interests of the country to give every citizen the chance to practise true democracy.
Last year he paid a state visit to China. He was personally welcomed by Chairman Hua Kuo-feng at Peking Airport and together they reviewed a guard of honour. The visit led to a sensation at a state banquet when the Chinese attacked Soviet activities and policy in the Middle East. China offered the North Yemen support in resisting what it called the super-powers' "criminal activities" in the Red Sea. As a protest the Soviet Ambassador and envoys from Poland, East Germany and other East European countries walked out of the banquet.
A three-man council has been named in North Yemen to take over the running of the country in place of the President. The three include Prime Minister Abdel-Assiz Abdel-Ghani who visited London earlier this year. He paid a visit to King Khalid of Saudi Arabia as he recovered in a London hospital after a leg operation. The head of he council is now Lieutenant-Colonel Ahmed Hussain Al-Ghashmi, the late President's closest military aide.