The protracted Lufthansa hijacking, and violent deaths in a West German prison that followed it, have tightened the sense of urgency that world leaders feel about combatting and eliminating terrorism.
CU: West Berlin University sign PULL BACK TO MV of entrance.
GV: West Berlin Free University.
GV OF: University campus.
MVs: Benno Ohnesurg University sign (2 shots)
GV: West Berlin street.
MV: middle-aged couples window shopping
GVs: Couple eating in restaurant (3 shots)
GV: West Berlin street scene
GV: University administration block
CU: plate on door
MVs: Dr Peter Glotz interview with shots of Communist posters, and newspaper stalls overlaid. (11 shots)
GLOTZ: "We have the sub-culture of the universities. And the people in the universities, they only read information printed on sheets of paper. And they don't read newspapers, and they don't see television and they know only the problems in the university. And there's a society outside the university - they only see television, they read newspapers, but they don't know anything from what's written on the sheet of paper in the university. And now it's necessary to translate one culture to the other, and that would be necessary - it should be made by the politicians, for example."
REPORTER: "There are students left-wing movements in other countries. Why do you think in Germany that these produce such violence?"
GLOTZ: "I don't know exactly , but first, I would say that the German temperament and the German character tends to exaggerate, to over-react to certain situations. Secondly, I would say that experience of Fascism and Hitler and the experience of many Germans that democracy doesn't succeed in our country. That may be one reason. We have no old democracy. We have beginning democracy 30 years now, and the attempt of democracy in the Weimar republic - and maybe this is another reason. And then, you have the mistakes of the other generation. They didn't want to talk about the past, and about Fascism and all these problems. They saw in 1945 this country down, and they wanted to build up a new economy and they only discussed, before all, economic problems."
REPORTER: ROGER DUNTON
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Background: The protracted Lufthansa hijacking, and violent deaths in a West German prison that followed it, have tightened the sense of urgency that world leaders feel about combatting and eliminating terrorism. Some see tougher laws and security measures as major answers to deter and thwart terrorists. But other observers believe investigations should start by probing university life, which has been one seedbed for renegades, notably in West Germany.
SYNOPSIS: West Berlin's Free University has been called the cradle of West Germany's left-wing student movement which, at its most extreme, produced the Baader-Meinhof group. Some students call it the Benno Ohnesurg University, after the student killed in 1968 during demonstrations against the visit of the Shah of Iran. His death sparked off major terrorist activities is West Germany.
One theory explains left-wing extremism as rejection of West Germany's so-called economic 'miracle', and of what the young regard as the materialism of the older generation. But West Berlin's Education Minister, Dr Peter Glotz, believes the problem has been caused by a division between two cultures.