• Short Summary

    In the central African republic on Chad a new government has been formed ending months of civil war.

  • Description

    In the central African republic on Chad a new government has been formed ending months of civil war. A thirteen year long war had been waged in Chad between government forces and the predominantly Moslem Chad Liberation Front (FROLINAT) guerrilla forces. In March, President Felix Malloum handed over the government to a provisional body which was to enforce the ceasefire. Further bloodshed followed and a French-educated former guerrilla leader has emerged as the new Head of Government.

    SYNOPSIS: The new Head of Government will preside over a twenty-one man, mainly Moslem cabinet set up in the strife torn Central African state, on April 30th.

    Prime Minister Mohamed Shawa is now faced with the task of healing the wounds of a long civil war.

    Mr. Shawa was identified by the Sudanese News Agency as leader of the Nigerian backed third army of Frolinat (National Liberation Front). His group in ousting the military government of President Felix Malloum has won an armed struggle which has been waged for over thirteen years.

    In February this year fighting broke out in N'Djamena the capital of Chad between forces loyal to President Malloum and his Prime Minister Hissene Habre. An estimated five thousand people died. Malloum was from the south and a Christian...Habre a Moslem and from the North.

    ...The rival North-South, Christian/Moslem factions signed a peace agreement in March in the Nigerian city of Kano. It called for the resignation of President Malloum and was signed by the President himself, Habre, Goukouini Oueddi, the chief of Frolinat and Aboubakar Adhemane of the so-called third army. President Malloum fled the country and a Provisional state council was set up. On April 20th its leader Goukononi Oueddai accused Libya-long time supporters of the guerrillas-Frolinat, of invading the country. Libya has now claimed that the new government is illegal and there will be more bloodshed. Reuters however says that the new government strikes a balance between the rival factions of Frolinat and the southern leaders.

    Prime Minister Mohamed Shawa's Deputy Prime Minister is General Negy Gogo, President Malloum's former Chief of Staff. Former Prime Minister Hissene Habre will become Defence Minister. Troops loyal to the government showed their joy at the installation of the new regime.

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