• Short Summary

    Former United States President Harry S. Truman, now 88, was admitted to hospital in Kansas?

  • Description

    Former United States President Harry S. Truman, now 88, was admitted to hospital in Kansas City on Tuesday (December 5) suffering from pulmonary congestion. Mr. Truman, President during two wars and the only man to authorise the wartime use of the atomic bomb, was taken to hospital in July this year (1972) with an intestinal disorder.

    Late on Wednesday (December 6) night, a hospital spokesman said his condition, although still serious, had improved slightly.

    Mr. Truman was pressed into office during the last months of World War Two by the sudden death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. The former Vice-President was at once faced with the responsibility of working out the future shape of Europe - taking part in the fateful Potsdam Conference with Soviet leader Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (later replaced by Clement Attlee.)
    Within weeks, Mr. Truman was obliged to take a more momentous decision. After the successful testing of the atomic bomb in July 1945, the new President decided to use this new weapon in an effort to cut short the war against Japan. Two-hundred-thousand people died in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but President Truman justified his decision by arguing that the Allies faced half-a-million casualties if the war had continued.

    For the next seven years, Mr. Truman played a major role in formulating the Marshall Plan for economic aid to Europe, in creating the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and in the Cold War showdown with East European countries over the Berlin blockade.

    In 1948, against all predictions, Mr. Truman was returned to the White House in the closest Presidential contest since 1916.

    He continued to fight against the advance of communism. In 1950, he sent U.S. troops to support South Korea against the North. The American contingent comprised the bulk of the United Nations force fighting in Korea.

    Two years later, Mr. Truman astonished the American voters by refusing to run for office again at the height of his popularity. He retired to a life of virtual seclusion, working on his memoirs and plans for a memorial library.

    SYNOPSIS: Harry S. Truman, who became United States President after Franklin Roosevelt's sudden death in 1945, is once again in a Kansas City hospital, suffering for a pulmonary congestion. Now aged eighty-eight, it is the second serious illness he has suffered this year. (PAUSE) When he became President, the "little man from Missouri" was plunged straight into the momentous events which saw the end of World War Two.

    OR
    Harry S. Truman, aged eighty-eight, died in Kanese City Missouri, on Thursday - the thirty-first anniversary of Pearl Harbour, which took the United States into World War Two. He was then Vice-President and, on the death of President Roosevelt in 1945, it was Harry Truman who was plunged into the momentous events which ended the war.

    He welcomed home the first American troops from Europe after VE day, and set about putting America's case for a secure Europe in the late forties and fifties.

    At Potsdam he worked on plans for the occupation and rehabilitation of Germany with Stalin and Churchill.

    But the war in the East continued until Truman made his first great decision - one he said he never regretted. In August, after the atomic bomb had been successfully tested, he unleashed it on Japan.

    In September, 1945, the Japanese surrendered. Truman estimated a half-million Allied casualties had been saved.

    Later, Mr. Truman passed the Marshall Plan which poured food and supplies into Europe's war-damaged countries. In 1948, he again stood for office.

    He was returned after the closest presidential contest since 1916.

    Mr. Truman received a tumultuous welcome as he arrived in Washington from his home town of Independence, Missouri His victory was one of the major surprises of American politics. It meant that the Democrats had set up a new record by holding the President for five successive terms.

    When the Korean war broke out in 1950, Truman sent U.S. troops to support South Korea.

    General MacArthur was placed in command of the United States troops. The American contingent comprised the bulk of the United Nations force. When MacArthur exceeded his authority by seeking to extend the war into Manchuria, President Truman removed him from command.

    In 1952, Truman sprang his biggest surprise when he refused to stand again as President. His successor was General Eleenhower, the wartime Supreme Allied Commander. Truman refused all pleas to change his mind and backed Mr. Adlai Stevenson as Democratic Presidential candidate. Stevenson got the nomination but lost the election to the Republican Eisenhower.

    Mr. Truman made a rare appearance before the cameras in 1966, for his eighty-second birthday. But much of his retirement has been spent in seclusion.

    Three years ago, he reviewed marines during a Florida holiday. America's elder statesman was once asked if he would ever run for President again. "Yes" he replied, "when I'm ninety years old".

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVADR0RA2LP3KGDNAQZAMIYLBP0J
    Media URN:
    VLVADR0RA2LP3KGDNAQZAMIYLBP0J
    Group:
    Reuters - Source to be Verified
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    06/12/1972
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:03:36:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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