The United Nations' Security Council has been debating the problem of South Africa's administration of Namibia (South West Africa).
GV EXTERIOR UN building (3 shots)
GV INTERIOR Ambassador Jackson, President of UN Council for Namibia, speaking
"Mr. President, South African's defiant attitude to this Council, to the Council for Namibia, to the General Assembly, indeed to world public opinion are matters of public record. We must, however, recognise that when subjected to intense international pressure South African always counters with gimmickry. Let us remember that when this Council sought an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice, South Africa proposed a referendum. When the International Court of Justice Confirmed the illegality of South Africa's presence in Namibia, South Africa proposed discussions with the Secretary General. When faced with the prospect of expulsion made two months ag, South Africa proposed sham constitutional discussions between so-called ethnic groups. One group, please note, strategically composed entirely of whites, irrespective of their national origins. Recently Mr. President, spokesmen of the racists in South Africa propagate in their characteristic deceptive manner the notion that the stage for the self-determination for the Namibian people can be reached much sooner than ten years, as they had earlier envisaged. Mr. President, the record of South Africa's treatment of the people of Namibia for over 50 years, her contempt for this Council, Council, and for the views of the vast majority of the world's people is nothing short of what can aptly be called "Whitemail". The time has long since past to put an end to such contumacious practices. Mr. President, I believe that there are certain principles and positions on which all members of he Security Council are agreed. The first and foremost is the inalienable and imprescriptible right of the people of Namibia to self-determination and independence. And of their right to proceed to that independence on the bassi that Namibia is a territorial unit in (and for) itself. The second is that South Africa has no legal authority whatsoever to administer Namibia. Quite simply, South Africa's occupation of the territory is illegal, or as some would say
, unlawful ... and as such must be terminated. Indeed the withdrawal of the South African usurpers is long overdue. The third principles is that the United Nations has a direct responsibility for the administration of the territory. A responsibility which has been entrusted to the Council for Namibia."
Initials CL/2348 CL/2354
The soundtrack with this film includes part of Mr. Jackson's speech. A transcript follows:
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: The United Nations' Security Council has been debating the problem of South Africa's administration of Namibia (South West Africa). On Tuesday (17 December) the President of the United Nations' Council for Namibia, Mr. Rashleigh E. Jackson, made an impassioned speech in favour of South Africa's immediate withdrawal from the territory. He described the South Africans as "usurpers" and said that their departure was long overdue.
Also on Tuesday, in a rare act of unanimity, the United Nations' Security Council formally demanded that South Africa make a "solemn declaration that it will comply with the resolutions and decisions of the United Nations" and get out of Namibia.
Pretoria has administered the mineral-rich former German Colony since World War One, originally under a League of Nations' mandate which the United Nations' General Assembly voted to terminate in 1966.