INTRODUCTION: New Zealand's two main political parties -- National and Labour have been battling for votes as the nation prepares for a general election on November 28.
WELLINGTON, 1975: GV Muldoon waving to supporters
SCU Muldoon speaking to election meeting
SV Maoris dancing
SV Rowling talking to supporters as he walks along - SV dog with Labour Party blanket round it
SV Rowling being asked question and replying
(MUTE) PEKING, 1976: Muldoon's car arriving and Mr. and Mrs. Muldoon get out -- SV Muldoon shakes Mao's hand (3 shots)
(SOUND) LONDON, 1979: SV Muldoon arrives at No. 10 Downing St., and is greeted by mrs. Thatcher and husband as crowd applauds (3 shots)
GV Sheep in New Zealand countryside (2 shots)
GV & SVs Butter made into shape and cut into slabs and packed (3 shots)
GVs Boxes of boneless beef loaded onto ship (5 shots)
MELBOURNE, 1981: GV Queen Elizabeth and Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser inside conference centre-- GV commonwealth flags (3 shots)
(SOUND) SCU Muldoon speaking.
AUCKLAND, SEPT., 1981: GV smoke bomb and flares descending on pitch -- New Zealand player treated after being hit by flour bomb (3 shots)
SVs & GVs Police and demonstrators in scuffles and police baton-charging the crowd and being pelted with stoned -- injured policemen (6 shots)
AUCKLAND, NOVEMBER: Bruce Beetham and wife receive big ovation a they arrive at election meeting
GV Bill Rowling and wife being applauded as they arrive at campaign meeting
SV Rowling speaking and being applauded (2 shots)
GV Muldoon and wife arrive at meeting as crowd sing and applaud
SV Muldoon speaking and crowd applauding
REPORTER: (SEQ. 5) "Labour has been in power in Australia and New Zealand for three years. Which party do you think has done the better?
"ROWING: "I am not going to comment on any other country except I can say that in New Zealand the LabouR government has done very well indeed."
MULDOON: (SEQ. 12) "What I would consider a human right, and we are talking at the moment now specifically of the sporting issue,most of the countries in the commonwealth don't"
ROWLING: I ask you tonight to believe in yourselves, to believe in this country of ours. I ask you tonight to get stuck in then with a LabouR government leading. We'll have this show on the road in no time at all.
MULDOON: "While the other parties are talking about reducing taxation by giving you no idea where the revenue will come from to make up the difference, we in the National Party will be talking about creating wealth which then will be taxed in order that takes can generally be lowered. Sure that makes sense."
The New Zealand's government's parliamentary majority of eight is vulnerable to the slightest swing against the National Party. Twelve of its seats are held by a very slim majority. The Labour Party has poured its resources into these vulnerable marginal seats. The Social Credit League is aiming to hold the balance of power in the next parliament. Opinion polls show it is supported by 20 per cent of the electorate.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: New Zealand's two main political parties -- National and Labour have been battling for votes as the nation prepares for a general election on November 28. Prime Minister Robert Muldoon faces the toughest fight of his career to stay in office. the opposition describe unemployment, rising inflation and a widening balance of payments deficit as economic mismanagement by his government. But recent opinion polls have put Muldoon's National Party 10 points ahead of Labour -- a sign, according to political observers, that voters are impressed more by his style of leadership than by the economic situation.
SYNOPSIS: Robert Muldoon came to power in 1975, in the middle of an economic recession. The Labour government, which had been in office for three years, was decisively beaten by his right-wing national Party. The new Prime Minister introduced austere economic policies and a wage freeze.
During his campaign in that election year, labour leader Bill rowling was confident about his party's record:
1976 -- and one of his first official journeys overseas took the view Prime Minister to Peking. There he met Chairman mao Tse-tung who died in five months later.
And in 1979, Mr. Muldoon visited London where he had talks with British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. The previous year he had won another general election, this time with a reduced majority. new Zealand's economy was still affected by very low economic growth and unemployment continued to rise.
A temperate climate in New Zealand nourishes endless acres and good farmland. Meat and dairy exports are the country's main source of export earnings. When Britain joined the European community,New Zealand's butter market was halved and its cheese market wiped out.
Traditional products like beef still dominant the export market but the sale of dairy products is increasing. The farmers are satisfied and Mr. Muldoon is counting on their support.
In September, Queen Elizabeth attended the Commonwealth Summit Conference in Melbourne,. It was there Prime Minister Muldoon spoke about his refusal to ban sporting links with South Africa, an issue causing widespread controversy during New Zealand's election campaign:
The South African rugby tour of New Zealand reached a violent climax in Auckland on September 14. A light plane swooped repeatedly over the ground dropping leaflets, smoke bombs and flares. But the most serious incidents took place on the ground as anti-apartheid demonstrators confronted the police. The uproar over the springbok's tour split the country.
New Zealand opinion polls have shown small parties making considerable progress during the campaign. Outstanding among these is the Social Credit League, led by Mr. Bruce Beetham, which only had two seats in the last parliament. For Beetham's party, inflation is the main election issue.
Mr. Bill Rowling is confident he can become Prime Minister again and that Labour will win by 10 seats:
Robert Muldoon's skill as a politician has been rallying wide support but an extremely close result is predicted . Many New Zealanders say he's been good at waking the country up: