• Short Summary

    IN THE SMALL HOURS OF AUG 13, THOUSANDS OF EAST GERMAN TROOPS WITH TANKS AND LIGHT GUNS TOOK UP POSITIONS IN EAST BERLIN SIDE STREETS NEAR THE WEST BERLIN BORDER.

  • Description

    IN THE SMALL HOURS OF AUG 13, THOUSANDS OF EAST GERMAN TROOPS WITH TANKS AND LIGHT GUNS TOOK UP POSITIONS IN EAST BERLIN SIDE STREETS NEAR THE WEST BERLIN BORDER. BY THE FIRST LIGHT, SOLDIERS WERE SEEN BRAKING UP ROAD SURFACES, DIGGING TRENCHES AND PUTTING UP BARBED WIRE BARRIERS AND FENCES ALL ALONG THE 25-MILE BORDER THAT DIVIDES BERLIN.

    FOR SEVERAL HOURS THE BORDER WAS COMPLETELY CLOSED, THEN THE EAST GERMAN AUTHORITIES ANNOUNCED THAT EAST GERMANS AND EAST BERLINERS WANTING TO ENTER WEST BERLIN WOULD NOW HAVE TO PRODUCE SPECIAL PASSES. WEST BERLINERS, WEST GERMANS AND FOREIGNERS WOULD PERMITTED TO CROSS INTO EAST BERLIN AT 13 CHECKPOINTS, AS COMPARED WITH ABOUT 80 BEFORE THE NEW MEASURES.

    THE STREAM OF REFUGEES FROM THE EAST, WHICH HAD SWELLED TO NEARLY 3,000 A DAY, DIES DOWN TO A TRICKLE. LESS THAN 100 PEOPLE REACHED WEST BERLIN AFTER THE CLOSING OF THE BORDER, SWIMMING CANALS AND CLIMBING OVER BOMBED SITES. TRAFFIC BETWEEN WEST BERLIN AND WEST GERMANY, HOWEVER, WAS UNAFFECTED.

    DURING THE DAY, MANY WEST BERLINERS GATHERED AT THE WIRE FENCES, SHOUTING ABUSE AT THE EAST GERMAN TROOPS AND POLICE. INI SEVERAL INSTANCES. WEST BERLIN POLICE HAD TO RESTRAIN IRATE CROWDS FROM BREAKING DOWN BARRIERS AND GETTING INVOLVED WITH EAST BERLIN SECURITY GUARDS.

    IN BONN, CHANCELLOR DR ADENAUER CONFERRED WITH HIS FOREIGN MINISTER, HERR VON BRENTANO, WHO LATER CONTACTED WESTERN AMBASSADORS ABOUT POSSIBLE COUNTER-MEASURES. THE MAYOR OF BERLIN, WILLY BRANDT, WHO DESCRIBED THE EAST GERMAN MOVE AS A "CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY", FLEW BACK TO BERLIN FROM AN ELECTION TOUR IN WEST GERMANY. HE MET THE THREE WESTERN CITY COMMANDANTS AND INVITED THEM TO ATTEND A SPECIAL SESSION OF THE CITY PARLIAMENT. UNITED STATES SECRETARY OF STATE, DEAN RUSK, CALLED THE CLOSING OF THE BORDER A "FLAGRANT BREACH" OF THE FOUR-POWER AGREEMENT ON BERLIN.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVADJW35MIBZYX5OXZKWWI38ZU59
    Media URN:
    VLVADJW35MIBZYX5OXZKWWI38ZU59
    Group:
    Reuters - Incuding Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    13/08/1961
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:01:02:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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