Almost five years after the death of Franco and the return of democracy to Spain, negotiations are in progress for the country to join both the European Economic Community (EEC) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).
1973: CU General Franco SV missiles towed by vehicles, CU Franco, PULL OUT TO SV Franco with Prince Juan Carlos. (3 SHOTS)
1978: GV UCD members seated at platform beneath party poster; MCU Prime Minister Adolfo Suarez, SV audience and CU Suarez PULL OUT TO SV (3 SHOTS)
1977 GVs & SVs Mr. Felipe Gonzalez at Socialist party conference. (4 SHOTS)
GV & SV Wrecked car and bloodstains in Azcoita. (3 SHOTS)
GV Coffin carried out of church and through large crowd to hearse.
GV PAN FROM Council building in Guernica TO demonstrators with banners.
GVs & SVs Members of new Basque Parliament assembled for ceremony.
GVs Old woman arrives to vote past political posters and other leave polling station in Seville. (2 SHOTS)
GV PAN Catalonians celebrating National Day, girls in painted smocks singing.
TOP VIEW Masse crowd of Catalonians with banners (2 SHOTS)
TOP VIEW & GVs Students march in protest through the streets of Madrid. (3 SHOTS)
LV ZOOM IN Port of Hendaye, harbour blocked by fishing boasts. (3 SHOTS)
PULL FOCUS TO GVs Islanders behind barriers communicating to Spanish relatives on other side of fence. (3 SHOTS)
LV President Carter greeted at Madrid airport by king Juan Carlos and Queen Sophia, and Mrs Carter along tarmac with king & Queen to artillery salute. (4 SHOTS)
Spain's worsening relations with its neighbour, France, may have a serious affect on the country's entry into the European Community. On Thursday (10 July) the Spanish police union alleged that the Basque organisation, ETA-Militar, has established headquarters in France. This follows angry charges by Interior Minister Roson, who has alleged that the French government is not co-operating with Madrid in effort to stamp out terrorism.
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Background: Almost five years after the death of Franco and the return of democracy to Spain, negotiations are in progress for the country to join both the European Economic Community (EEC) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). But many Spaniards are currently more concerned with the domestic issues of high unemployment and inflation, than with their country's relationship with the rest of Europe and the world.
SYNOPSIS: The death of Franco ended almost forty years of authoritarian rule. For Spain it was the end of an era. Prince Juan Carlos had been designated his successor -- though no one was sure what the political future would be.
But it soon became clear that Prime Minister Adolfo Suarez, leader of the Union of the Democratic Centre ( UCD), would be the architect of Spain's transition from dictatorship to democracy. He has held power since 1976 -- but criticism of his administration is growing.
At the beginning of June, Socialist leader Felipe Gonzalez lodged a censure motion against the Spanish government -- the first in forty- four years. Though it was narrowly defeated it has set the tone for continued debate about the UCD's policies.
Regional violence continues to take its toll. In March a thirteen-year-old boy lost his life in Azcoita, near San Sebastian. A bomb meant for a member of the civil Guard exploded as the child and a friend wandered home from a football match.
The opening of the new Basque Parliament in Guernica has done little to quell the anger of nationalists. They are calling for amnesty for suspected guerrillas and jobs for the many unemployed in the region.
The Spanish region of Andalusia lost its bid for home rule in February when a referendum failed to show an absolute majority.
Catalonians in north-east Spain celebrate their national day. Like the Basque region, Catalonia has won self-government. Other regions seeking autonomy are expected to look to the Catalonian model during their negotiations. Catalonia, however has the advantage of being both an economically and culturally powerful region.
But many Spaniards have switched their attention from regional dissatisfactions to the issues of unemployment and inflation. The erosion of civil liberties has also become a concern -- two students participating in this Madrid demonstration were shot and killed by police.
The Spanish hope to join the European Economic Community by 1983. But recently the French have said this dat should be put off until internal matters of the Community are solved. A dispute between Spanish fishermen and the French led to the blockading of the port of Hendaye after the arrest of a Spanish fishing vessel.
And Spain's 276-year old claim to the British-ruled rock of Gibraltar remains an obstacle to the country's entry into both the EEC and NATO. But negotiations to re-open the border are in process.
President Carter's recent visit highlighted the Spanish government 's recent commitments to negotiate membership in NATO. The bilateral defence agreement with the US ends in 1981. And Defence Minister Sahagun said recently that his country's strategic position makes neutrality impossible.