Later this month President Ayub Khan will inaugurate the Mangla Dam complex. The multi-purpose project?
Various aspects of the dam.
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Background: Later this month President Ayub Khan will inaugurate the Mangla Dam complex. The multi-purpose project -- the largest of its kind in the world, will have been completed one year ahead of schedule. The Mangla Dam is the mainstay of the Indus Basin Treaty Plan which will make West Pakistan self-sufficient in irrigation and power.
The scale of the Mangla Dam projects is immense. The complex, covering an area of 100 square miles, will benefit a population of 50 million people who for centuries have been in the hands of the vagaries of the weather which threatened their crops. Nine countries financed the project which was built by a consortium eight leading American civil engineering firms.
The Mangla Dam is part of the Indus Basin Treaty Plan aimed at providing West Pakistan with a reservoir sufficient to meet all irrigation needs, and ultimately furnish enough power, from turbines installed at the dams, to provide for all power needs.
There are in fact three different dams totalling seven miles (11 kms) in length. They conserve and control the waters of the River Jhelum. The outlets from the dams drive turbines which provide electricity. Ultimately ten 100,000 kilowatt turbo-generator units will be installed. At the moment two are installed, a third will be ready next year and three more will be completed by 1971 doubling the capacity of power generation in West Pakistan.
Because of the vast area covered by water some 80,000 people have had to be resettled in New Mirpur Town, one of the first places to benefit from the Mangla Dam complex.