The World Population Conference in Bucharest, Rumania, ended on Friday (August 30) with calls for redirecting international armament funds for peaceful purposes, and for self-determination for women as the most effective way of achieving 'responsible parenthood' -- fewer births per family.
CU United Nations' emblem.
SV Sanz de Santamaria speaking.
SV (MUTE) Mrs. Aldaba-Lim (right) seated.
SV Mrs. Aldaba-Lim speaking.
CU U.N. Emblem.
SV Mrs. Aldaba-Lim speaking.
SANZ DE SANTAMARIA: "We find that the expenditure in armaments are simply callosal in the world. There is an institute in London who produces every year an analysis of monies spent in armaments. The last copy of this story that I read was presented to Congress in the United States last year by September or so and I found one hundred and ninety thousand million dollars -- you call it, in English, billions, I think. That is enormous, in my opinion, and as you perhaps know, in the speech made by the president here, he spoke of two hundred billions for this year. If one part of this money which is spent in armaments, most of them or at least some of them useless, because something that are sold by the important countries to the developing countries are always second-class armament that are already obsolete, so this is something that human beings have to take care of it. We would like to have real peace, instead of hunger."
MRS. ALDABA-LIM: "I was very impressed with the universal concern from the status of women in this...... I don't mean this committee.... but I suppose, as you will find, in the other committees as well as the work plan of action. There was unanimous concern that self-determination of women and the general improvement of their status, was one of the most effective means of promoting responsible parenthood.
The view prevails that highest priorities should be accorded to the development and legal measures that will assure the women to fully realise their highest potentials... not only in their roles, even in the various economic society in the professions, in their occupations -- in other words, there is a very strong plea in the Committee Report about elevating women and using women -- thus far, at this point, one of the greatest wealths, especially in poor countries which have never been utilised to the fullest."
Initials VS 21.32/VS 21.41
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Background: The World Population Conference in Bucharest, Rumania, ended on Friday (August 30) with calls for redirecting international armament funds for peaceful purposes, and for self-determination for women as the most effective way of achieving 'responsible parenthood' -- fewer births per family. The two-week session of 136 government representatives also put out a ten thousand-word manifesto -- a 'Plan of Action' -- giving overwhelming approval for birth control by artificial contraception. But there was strong dissent from Vatican representatives present and a warning from Pope Paul in Italy on Sunday (September 1) against 'the immoral and inhuman plans' in such a course.
The calls for 'peace funds' and women's self-determination came from Mr. Carlos Senz de Santamaria of Columbia and Mrs. Estefania Aldaba-Lim of the Philippines, who are shown speaking in this film.
A transcript of their speeches follows.