• Short Summary

    BAGHDAD, THE CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF IRAQ, HAS BEEN A CITY FOR 4,000 YEARS.?

  • Description

    BAGHDAD, THE CAPITAL OF THE REPUBLIC OF IRAQ, HAS BEEN A CITY FOR 4,000 YEARS. IT WAS ORIGINALLY BUILT ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE RIVER TIGRIS, BUT FOR OVER 1,000 YEARS THE GREATER PART OF THE TOWN HAS BEEN ON THE EASTERN BANK.

    TODAY, THERE IS A LARGE AND GROWING SUBURB, INCLUDING A RAILWAY STATION, ON THE WEST SIDE. THE TWO SIDES OF THE RIVER ARE CONNECTED BY AN ENDLESS STREAM OF BOATS.

    THE SECOND ABBASID CALIPH, AL MANSUR, PLANNED BAGHDAD AS A CIRCULAR CITY AND IT TOOK 10,000 WORKMEN FIVE YEARS TO BUILD. NOW IT IS A SPRAWLING METROPOLIS OF 1 1/4 MILLION PEOPLE. BUT ITS EXTENSIVE MODERNISATION HAS NOT REMOVED THE ANCIENT TRADITIONS AND WAYS OF OLD BAGHDAD -- THEY MINGLE CHARMINGLY WITH THE NEWER WAY OF LIFE.

    KIRKUK, THE COUNTRY'S MAJOR OIL CITY, LIES 174 MILES (280 KILOMETRES) NORTH OF BAGHDAD. THE IRAQ PETROLEUM COMPANY'S OILWELLS PRODUCE ABOUT 25 MILLION TONS A YEAR. THE KIRKUK OILFIELD WAS DISCOVERED IN 1927 AND PRODUCTION BEGAN IN 1934. IRAQ EARNS MOST OF ITS NATIONAL REVENUE FROM THE EXPORT OF OIL.

    ARDIL, WHICH IS ONE OF THE WORLD'S OLDEST INHABITED CITIES, LIES ABOUT 62 MILES (100 KILOMETRES) FURTHER NORTH. MOST OF ITS POPULATION OF ABOUT 35,000 PEOPLE ARE FROM KURDISTAN. THE KURDS FOUGHT THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT FOR SEVERAL YEARS IN SUPPORT OF THEIR DEMANDS FOR NATIONAL IDENTITY AND SELF-GOVERNMENT. IN JUNE, 1956, THE ??? GOVERNMENT PROMISED TO RECOGNISE KURDISH NATIONALISM AND TO GIVE THE KURDS A BIGGER SAY IN THE COUNTRY'S ADMINISTRATION.

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVAD8KP8CHDXYM3194SPUEP1KTGZ
    Media URN:
    VLVAD8KP8CHDXYM3194SPUEP1KTGZ
    Group:
    Reuters - Incuding Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    21/04/1967
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Black & White
    Duration:
    00:09:58:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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