South Africa was today (Monday) called upon to withdraw from the former German colony of South-west Africa.
South Africa was today (Monday) called upon to withdraw from the former German colony of South-west Africa. The International Court of Justice, meeting in The Hague, endorsed a United Nations Security Council resolution declaring South Africa's presence in the territory illegal.
The Court reached its decision on a 13-2 majority -- British and French judges opposed the decision. The Court held that South Africa's apartheid policies had violated the mandate under which it administered the country. The mandate was granted by the old League of Nations 50 years ago.
SYNOPSIS: At the Hague, the International Court of Justice went into session on Monday to discuss South Africa's administration of the former German colony of South-west Africa. The Court, with its international body of judges, had been asked for an advisory opinion by the United Nations Security Council, which was seeking support for its 1966 vote to end South African rule over the territory.
The judges arrive to start the session. South Africa was originally granted a mandate over the neighbouring territory fifty years ago by the old League of Nations. When the International Court of Justice put the matter to the vote, they decided by a thirteen-two majority that the mandate had been violated by South Africa's apartheid policies. The two dissenting votes came from Britain and France. The majority resolution also called for the immediate withdrawal of South Africa from the territory -- which the Security Council wants to see administered by a United Nations commission. About half a million Africans live in South-West Africa, along with about seventy-three thousand white settlers.